Interim Budget 2019-20 was presented by the Union Minister for Finance, Corporate Affairs, Railways & Coal, Shri Piyush Goyal in Parliament.
The Key Points are as follow
- Fiscal Deficit Target for has been revised to 3.4% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) from 3.3% of GDP estimated earlier.
- Fiscal Deficit Target for FY20 has been fixed at 3.4% of GDP.
- The upward revision in fiscal deficit is primarily attributed to the allocation of Rs. 20,000 crores and Rs. 75,000 crores, in FY19 and FY20 respectively, for providing assured income support to the farmers under a new initiative- ‘Pradhan Mantri KIsan SAmman Nidhi (PM-KISAN) programme. Excluding this, the fiscal deficit would have been less than 3.3% for FY19 and less than 3.1% for FY20.
- The target of 3% of fiscal deficit to be achieved by FY21.
- The Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) Act has recommended that the Debt to GDP ratio of the government should be reduced to 40% by FY25, which stood at 46.5% in FY18.
- The disinvestment target set at Rs. 80,000 crores for FY19.
- Existing rates of income tax to continue for FY19-20.
- Full tax rebate for individual taxpayers having taxable annual income up to Rs. 5 lakhs.
- Standard Deduction raised from the current Rs. 40,000 to Rs. 50,000 for salaried persons.
- ax Deducted at Source (TDS) threshold on interest earned on bank/post office deposits raised from Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 40,000.
- Exemption of income tax on notional rent on a second self-occupied house.
- TDS threshold for deduction of tax on rent is proposed to be increased from Rs. 1,80,000 to Rs. 2,40,000.
- The benefit of rollover of capital gains under section 54 of the Income Tax Act will be increased from investment in one residential house to two residential houses for a tax payer having capital gains up to Rs. 2 crores. This benefit can be availed once in a life time.
- Long term capital gains arising from the sale of residential property will now be eligible for investment in two houses.
- Under affordable housing, the benefits under Section 80-IBA of the Income Tax Act has been extended for one more year, i.e. to the housing projects approved till 31st March, 2020.
- The government has proposed to extend the period of exemption from levy of tax on notional rent, on unsold inventories, from one year to two years, from the end of the year in which the project is completed.
The government has proposed that stamp duties would levied on one instrument relating to one transaction and get collected at one place through the Stock Exchanges. The duty will be shared with the state governments on the basis of domicile of buying client.
Banking Reforms and Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC)
- The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code has helped in recovery of non-performing loans of Rs. 3 lakh crores.
- Recapitalization has been done with an investment of Rs. 2.6 lakh crores.
Medium, Small & Micro Enterprises (MSMEs)
- A scheme of sanctioning loans upto Rs. 1 crore in 59 minutes was launched
- GST-registered SME units will get 2% interest rebate on incremental loan of Rs. 1 Crore.
- The Government e-Marketplace (GeM) platform will be extended to all Central Public Sector Enterprises (CPSEs).
- Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion to be renamed as the Department for Promotion of Industries and Internal Trade.
Agriculture & Rural Economy
- New initiative – ‘Pradhan Mantri KIsan SAmman Nidhi (PM-KISAN)’ is launched to entail an annual expenditure of Rs. 75,000 crores in FY20 and an additional expenditure of Rs. 20,000 crores in FY19 (RE). 12 crore small and marginal farmers to be provided with assured yearly income of Rs. 6000 per annum under this scheme
- Under PM-KISAN programme, vulnerable farmer families having cultivable land upto 2 hectares, will be provided direct income support of Rs. 6,000 per year.
- Minimum support price (MSP) of all 22 crops to be at least 50% more than the cost.
- Rs. 60,000 crores will be allocated for Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGA).
- Rs. 19,000 crores in FY20 will be allocated under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY).
- 2% interest subvention to the farmers pursuing the activities of animal husbandry and fisheries, who avail loan through Kisan Credit Card.
- In case of timely repayment of loans, the borrowers will get an additional 3% interest subvention.
- All farmers affected by severe natural calamities, where assistance is provided from National Disaster Relief Fund (NDRF), will be provided the benefit of interest subvention of 2% and prompt repayment incentive of 3% for the entire period of reschedulement of their loans.
- Government to make 1 lakh villages into Digital Villages over next five years.
- The outlay for Rashtriya Gokul mission increased to Rs 750 crore
- Rashtriya Kamdhenu Ayog to be setup for sustainable genetic up-gradation of the Cow resources
Pradhan Mantri Shram - Yogi Maandhan
- A mega pension yojana namely 'Pradhan Mantri Shram -Yogi Maandhan' is to be launched for the unorganized sector workers with monthly income upto Rs. 15,000.
- This pension yojana will provide an assured monthly pension of Rs. 3,000 from the age of 60 years on a monthly contribution of a small affordable amount during their working age.
- The government has allocated Rs. 500 crores for this Scheme.
- 25% additional seats in educational institutions to meet the 10% reservation for the poor
- Targeted expenditure to bridge urban-rural divide & to improve quality of life in villages
- All willing households to be provided electricity connections by March 2019
The government has propsed a National Programme on 'Artificial Intelligence' by the establishment of the National Centre on Artificial Intelligence.
Miscellaneous Key Points
- Allocation to be increased by 21% to Rs. 58,166 crore in 2019-20
- Defence budget to cross Rs 3,00,000 crore for the first time ever
Achievements During 2014-19
- India is now the 6th largest economy in the world from being the 11thlargest in 2013-14
- India attracted massive amount of FDI, worth $239 billion, during the last 5 years
- Minimum income for every category of workers increased by 42% in last 5 years
- Aspirational Districts Programme for development in 115 most backward districts
- 6 crore free LPG gas connections provided under Ujjwala Yojna ; All 8 crore by next year
- 70% of MUDRA Loan availed by Women
- Maternity leave extended to 26 weeks
- Over one crore youth trained under Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikash Yojana
- In the last five years, nearly 34 crore Jan Dhan bank accounts opened
- India has achieved 98% rural sanitation coverage
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