Composite Water Management Index 2.0: Highlights

About

  • The index is released by NITI Aayog. This is the second such index given by NITI Aayog, the earlier being given in 2018.

Key Highlights

  • The index has 9 themes which are further subdivided into 28 indicators:
S. no. Theme Weightage
1 Source augmentation and restoration of water bodies 5
2 Source augmentation (Groundwater) 15
3 Major and medium irrigation-supply side management 15
4 Watershed development-supply side management 10
5 Participatory irrigation practices-Demand side management 10
6 Sustainable on-farm water use practices-Demand side management 10
7 Rural drinking water 10
8 Urban water supply and sanitation 10
9 Policy and governance 15
  Total 100
  • The index is topped by Gujarat followed by Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh with the reference year 2017-18 (the Base year 2016-17).
  • The index has ranked 25 states and 2 union territories.
  • In the North-Eastern and Himalayan state categories, Himachal Pradesh has topped followed by Uttarakhand and Tripura.
  • Among Union, Territories considered Puducherry has performed better than Delhi.
  • 19 out of 24 stated showed improvement on scores over the last 3 years.
  • Haryana showed the largest improvement as it improved by 26.21 points.
  • Among the 9 themes, the improvement in Policy and governance is maximum.
  • 16 out of 27 states scored less than 50 points and these states account for 48% of population, 40% of agricultural products and 35% of economic output.
  • States scoring less than 40 points are Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Bihar, Nagaland and Meghalaya.
  • The average improvement in best performing states is +5.2 points while that of low performing states is 3.1 points.
  • We haven’t seen any state of top 10 agricultural producers scoring more than 60 points except Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh.

Questions

Ques: 1. Composite Water Management Index 2.0 is topped by?
a. Himachal Pradesh
b. Madhya Pradesh
c. Puducherry
d. Gujarat

Ques: 2. Which one of the following theme has shown maximum improvement?
a. Rural drinking and water
b. Policy and governance
c. Urban water supply and sanitation
d. Watershed development-Demand side management
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