Global Energy and Co2 Status Report: Key Facts

Global Energy and Co2 Status Report: Key Facts

About

  • The report is released by International Energy Agency (IEA). India is not a member of IEA.

Key Highlights

  • Global energy consumption has increased twice the average growth rate taken from 2010.
  • There has been an increase in demand for almost all the fuels which is led by natural gas. The solar and wind has also been able to post double-digit growth. There is a very little improvement in energy efficiency.
  • CO2 emissions related to energy has increased by 1.7% thus recording a historic high of 33.1gt.
  • CO2 emissions also increased from all fuels but the power sector accounts for nearly 2/3rd of its emissions growth.
  • China, India, the United States accounted for 85% increase in emissions while countries like Germany, Japan, Mexico, France and the United Kingdom have been able to decline there emissions.
  • The demand for oil has increased by 1.3%. China and US have shown the largest growth while and fell in Japan and Korea.
  • There has been the largest increase since 2010 in the natural gas which grew at 4.6%. This is also the second consecutive year for which there has been growth in natural gas. It grew by 3% in 2017.
  • Coal also saw growth for the second year but its role in global mix continued to decline. It is also the largest source of energy and second-largest of primary energy.
  • Renewables accounted for 1/4th of energy demand which increased by 4%. It has covered 45% of the World’s electricity generation.
  • Electricity recorded its fastest growth since 2010 which grew by 4%. For this Renewables and Nuclear power plays important role.
  • Energy efficiency has increased and also continues to increase.
  • Coal fired power generation has been the largest emitter accounting for 30% of all CO2 emissions.

Performance of India

  • The emissions has increased by 4.8% and thus emitted 2299 MT.
  • Coal power plants are still the largest emitters in India followed by Oil.
  • India is the third largest emitter behind US and China.

Questions

1. The Global Energy and CO2 Status report is released by?
a. World Economic Forum
b. International Energy Agency
c. UNFCCC
d. IAEA

2. Which of the following is not a member of IEA?
a. United States
b. France
c. India
d. Australia

3. Which one of the following is the largest emitter of CO2?
a.
India
b. China
c. United States
d. European Union

4. IEA stands for
a.
Intergovernmental Energy Agency
b. Intergovernmental Economic Agency
c. International Energy Agency
d. International Economic Agency

5. Which of the following source of enegy is major contributor for CO2 emission?
a
. Coal
b. Nuclear
c. Renewable
d. Oil
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