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Kurukshetra January 2020: Important Questions

Question

1. Choose the correct statement/statements among the following
  • India is the world’s 2nd largest producer of rice
  • India is the world’s 2nd largest producer of Wheat
  • India is the world’s largest producer of milk
  • India is the world’s 2nd largest producer of pulse
a. Only 1,2 and 3
b. Only 1,3 and 4
c. Only 2,3 and 4
d. All 1,2,3 and 4

Explanation: India is the world's largest producer of milk, pulses and jute, and ranks as the second-largest producer of rice, wheat, sugarcane, groundnut, vegetables, fruit and cotton.

Question

2. What is the meaning of the term “Double Burden of Malnutrition (DBM)”?
a. Co-existence of Under-nutrition and poverty at the same time
b. Co-existence of obesity and poverty at the same time
c. Co-existence of Under-nutrition and Obesity at the same time
d. Co-existence of Under-nutrition and population loss at the same time

Explanation:
  • The double burden of malnutrition is characterised by the coexistence of undernutrition along with overweight and obesity, or diet-related non-communicable diseases, within individuals, households and populations, and across the life course.
  • The Double Burden of Malnutrition (DBM) is the coexistence of both undernutrition and overnutrition in the same population across the life course.
  • 'Across the life course' refers to the phenomenon that undernutrition early in life contributes to an increased propensity for over nutrition in adulthood.

Question

3. What is the current life expectancy in India?
a.90 years
b.84 years
c.75 years
d.68 years

Explanation:
  • Life expectancy is a statistical measure of the average time a person is expected to live, based on the year of its birth, its current age and other demographic factors including gender.
  • The life expectancy in India has improved from 32 years in the 1950s to 68 years in 2017

Question

4. What is the current Infant mortality rate in India?
a.45/1000
b.22/1000
c.33/1000
d.52/1000


Explanation:
  • The infant mortality rate is the number of deaths of children under one year of age per 1,000 live births. This rate is an important key indicator for a country’s health and standard of living; a low infant mortality rate indicates a high standard of healthcare.
  • Globally, the infant mortality rate has shrunk from 63 infant deaths per 1,000 live births to 27 since 1990 and is forecast to drop to 8 infant deaths per 1,000 live births by the year 2100.
  • The infant mortality rate has improved from 200 per 1000 live births to 33/1,000 live births in 2017.
  • Currently, With 30-33 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, India is neither among the countries with the highest nor among those with the lowest infant mortality rate.

Question

5. What is the current maternal mortality ratio in India?
a.300/100000
b.240/100000
c.130/ 100000
d.66/100000

Explanation:
  • Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) is defined as the number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births due to causes related to pregnancy or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, regardless of the site or duration of pregnancy.
  • The maternal mortality ratio in India at present is 130/1,000 live births

Question

6. The Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana was launched in which year?
a.2014
b.2015
c.2016
d.2017

Explanation:
  • Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana: it is a scheme launched on 8th April 2015 for providing loans up to rupees 10 lakh to the non-corporate, non-farms small or micro-enterprises.
  • The major aims of MUDRA loans were to bring the target audience into the formal financial fold.
  • Micro and small enterprises engaged in income generation are the prime target for extension of loan facilities.
  • There are no processing charges for availing of the loan.
  • The Mudra loan scheme does not prescribe any minimum amount.

Question

7. The “Tarun” section in the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana covers loan of______
a.upto Rs 50,000
b.above Rs 50,000 and up to Rs 5 lakh
c.above Rs 5 lakh and up to Rs 10 Lakh
d.above Rs 10 lakh and up to Rs 15 Lakh

Explanation:
  • The PMMY, MUDRA has created 3 products namely- Shishu covering loan up to Rs 50,000, Kishore covering loans above Rs 50,000 and up to Rs 5 lakh and Tarun covering loans above Rs 5 lakh and up to Rs 10 Lakh

Question

8. Choose the correct statement/statements about the bamboo plantation in India
•The Indian Forest (Amendment) Act, 2017 exempted bamboo grown in non-forest areas from the definition “Tree”
•The Act dispensed with the requirement of obtaining a permit for felling of bamboo for economic use.
a.Only 1
b.Only 2
c.Both 1 and 2
d.Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation
  • The Indian forest act 1927 defines bamboo as a tree- a contradiction in the law that has dated the growth of bamboo plantations, particularly in the non-forest areas.
  • To facilitate the benefits flow to the farmers, the bamboo stock outside forest areas has been excluded from the definition of the tree by amending section 2 of the Indian forest act 1927 by the government of India in November 2017 through the Indian Forest (Amendment) Act, 2017

Question

9. The National bamboo mission was commenced in the year ____________ as a centrally sponsored scheme by the Government of India and was restructured in ______________?
a.2006, 2016
b.2007, 2017
c.2006, 2018
d.2007, 2019

Explanation:
  • In October 2006, the Government of India (GOI) had launched the National Bamboo Mission (NBM) as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme on the basis of the National Mission on Bamboo Technology and Trade Development Report, 2003.
  • The restructured National Bamboo Mission (NBM) was approved in April 2018 for implementation till the end of 14th Finance Commission i.e. 2019-20.
  • The scheme aims to inter-alia supplement farm income of farmers with a focus on the development of the complete value chain of bamboo sector linking growers with industry.
  • The objective is to increase the area under bamboo plantation in non-forest Government and private lands to supplement farm income and contribute towards resilience to climate change as well as the availability of quality raw material requirements of industries.
  • India is the world’s second-largest cultivator of bamboo after China

Question

10. The Indian food processing industry accounts for ________% of Gross Value Added (GVA) in Agriculture?
a.7.86
b.8.39
c.9.10
d.9.86

Explanation:
  • Food processing accounts for almost one-third of the total food market in India.
  • The food processing industry is valued at US$258 billion, and is the fifth-largest industry domestically in terms of production, consumption, export, and expected growth in the country.
  • It contributes to around 14 per cent of manufacturing Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and 13 per cent of India’s total food exports.
  • The Indian food processing industry accounts for 32 per cent of the country’s total food market, one of the largest industries in India and is ranked fifth in terms of production, consumption, export and expected growth.
  • It contributes around 8.80 and 8.39 per cent of Gross Value Added (GVA) in Manufacturing and Agriculture respectively.

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