Causes & Effect : 5 Questions repeated in the Exams

Causes & Effect
Directions: In each of the following questions two statements (A) and (B) are given. These statements may be either independent causes or may be effects of independent causes or a common cause.
One of these statements may be the effect of the other statement. Read both the statements and decide which of the following answer choice correctly depicts the relationship between these two statements
Give answer
(1) if statement (A) is the cause and statement (B) is its effect
(2) if statement (B) is the cause and statement (A) is its effect
(3) if both the statements (A) and (B) are independent causes
(4) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes
(5) if both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common causes

1. A. The local administration announces to block many roads of the town for one day owing to influx of many pilgrims.
    B. Many schools of the town declared holiday on the day. Pilgrims came to the town.

2. A. The prices of vegetables have reduced considerably during the past two weeks.
    B. The prices of foodgrains have reduced considerably during the past two weeks.

3. A. The employees of an union of an organizations have appealed to its members to give their best to boost production in the coming months.
    B. The management of an organization has announced productivity linked bonus for its employees.

4. A. The production of wheat during the current year breaks all the past records.
    B. The production of wheat in last year was much less than the production in the previous year.

5. A. The large shareholders of the company decided to buy the share of small shareholders.
    B. The company is suffering loss for the last three quarters.

Hints & Solutions 

1. Both the statements (A) and (B) are effect of some common causes.
2. Both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of some common causes.
3. Statement (A)-Cause; Statement (B)-Effect
4. Both the statements (A) and (B) are effects of independent causes.
5. Statement (B)-cause; Statement (A)-Effect 

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