Deen Dayal Antyodaya Mission: Key Points Explained

Deen Dayal Antyodaya Mission: Key Points

Introduction

  • National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) also known as Deen Dayal Antyodaya Mission
  • In 2011, the scheme was launched in rural areas to expand livelihoods in small enterprises, agriculture based rural areas and employment in formal sector
  • Objective is to nurture rural power till they comes clear of abject poverty
  • Bridge gaps between skilled labor and industries
  • NRLM forms the basis for an umbrella of skill development schemes like MGNREGA, Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojana, RSETI, SVEP etc
  • These schemes are discussed as follows

MGNREGA

  • Recently celebrated the 10th year of inception
  • Aligned with sustainable development of the economic, environment and social 
  • 57 percent of women participation
  • 40 percent of SC category people benefited
  • Employment of 1970 crore person-days generated since inception
  • Rural employment of 100 days extended to 150 days
  • SAMARTHYA – A set of 10 training programmes focusing on technical education created under MGNREGA by Ministry of Rural Development


Start Up Village Entrepreneurship Programme 

  • Start Up Village Entrepreneurship Programme (SVEP) established to streamline the economic growth from grass roots (villages)
  • Objective is to create self-employment opportunities for inclusive growth
  • Enhance opportunities for entrepreneurship among rural youth
  • Training and skill programs are mainly conducted in the manufacturing sector to create jobs and increase incomes
  • Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) established training institutes to impart skill on a village level basis
  • This will be a foundation program for skill development
  • Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojana
  • Skill Training imparted on green, grey and service sectors
  • Different strategies like ICT usage, vocational training, skill development models, residential training, workshops
  • Offers placement to trained youth
  • Guides in foreign placement
  • HIMAYAT and ROSHNI skill development programs in J & K and North East respectively
  • The key beneficiaries include SC/ST and women
  • Main aim is to place 75 percent trained people in jobs


Rural Self-employment training Institute 

  • Rural Self-employment training Institute (RSETI) set up to impart skill and technical training to rural youth
  • Training programs mostly cover agricultural practices, products, process and general entrepreneurship 
  • Helps rural youth to set up self-employment avenues
  • Creates new employment opportunities
  • Hand holding ensured credit linkage and microenterprise sustainability
  • Implemented by banks in each district with the collaboration of Ministry of Rural development and respective state governments 
  • Entire funds of SETI are managed by public/private sector banks


Conclusion

  • As a result of these skill training schemes, the livelihoods of the rural poor are likely to improve
  • NRLM schemes expand formal sector employment in the manufacturing sector
  • Semi-skilled labour will increase in the manufacturing sector as a result of NRLM
  • There will be a growth in the quality and demand for manufactured goods in global markets 
  • There will be a shift from agricultural produce market to manufacturing sector in rural areas as a result of NRLM
  • NRLM schemes will help in the establishment of agro-based industries 
  • NRLM will provide scope for value addition, innovation and entrepreneurship
  • The above schemes will uplift the rural poor and improve their livelihoods
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