11 Important Women Empowerment Schemes in India

1. Beti Padhao, Beti Bachao Scheme

Aim: To generate awareness and improve the efficiency of welfare services meant for girls 
Launched on: 22 January 2015
Initial Funding: 100 crore
Objectives:
  • To prevent sex-selective abortion 
  • To ensure survival and protection of a girl child 
  • To ensure education of the girl child 

2. One Stop Centre Scheme

Aim: To provide support and assistance to women affected by violence both in private and public spaces.
Funds: The Scheme will be funded through Nirbhaya Fund.
Objectives:
  • To provide integrated support and assistance to women affected by violence, both in private and public spaces under one roof. 
  • To facilitate immediate emergency and nonemergency access to a range of services including medical, legal, psychological and counselling support to fight against any forms of violence against women. 

3. Women helpline scheme

Aim: Scheme for Universalization of Women Helpline is meant to provide 24 hours immediate and emergency response to women affected by violence.
Launched on: 01 April 2015
Objectives: 
  • To provide toll-free 24-hours telecom service to women affected by violence seeking support and information. 
  • To help crisis and non-crisis intervention through referral to the appropriate agencies such as police/Hospitals/Ambulance services/District Legal Service Authority (DLSA)/Protection Officer (PO). 
  • To provide information about the appropriate support services, government schemes available to the woman affected by violence 
Call to any of the following Women Helpline Nos.
Call to Women's Helpline: 181 Toll free
Call to 1091- Police Helpline, 102 (hospital/Ambulance) & 108 (Emergency Response Services)
Contact to One Stop Centre(OSC)

4 Working Women’s Hostel (WWH)

Aim: Scheme envisages provision of safe and affordable hostel for women.
Objective:
  • The main objective of the scheme is to promote availability of safe and conveniently located accommodation for working women with day care facility for their children wherever possible in urban, semi urban or even rural areas where employment opportunity for women exist. 

5. Support to Training and Employment Programme (STEP) for Women

Aim: To make a significant impact on women by upgrading skills. The target group includes the marginalised asset less rural women and urban poor. This also includes wage labourers, unpaid daily workers, women headed households and families below poverty line. 
Objectives
  • To mobilise women in small viable groups and make facilities available through training and access to credits 
  • To provide training for skill upgrading 
  • To enable groups of women to take up employment-cum- income generation programs. 
  • To provide support for further improving training and employment conditions of women. 

6. SWADHAR Greh Scheme

Aim: To provide temporary accommodation, maintenance and rehabilitative services to women and girls rendered homeless due to family discord, crime, violence, mental stress, social ostracism. Another scheme with similar objectives is Short Stay Home (SSH). 
Launched: 2001
Objectives:
  • To cater to the primary need of shelter, food, clothing, medical treatment and care of the women in distress and who are without any social and economic support. 
  • To enable them to regain their emotional strength that is affected due to their encounter with unfortunate circumstances. 
  • To provide them with legal aid and guidance to take steps for their readjustment in family or society. To rehabilitate them economically and emotionally. 
  • To enable them to start their life as fresh with dignity and conviction. 

7. Rajiv Gandhi National Creche Scheme

Aim: This scheme is for the children of working mothers to take care of the children.
Launched: launched in 2012. 
  • It was revamped in 2016. T
  • The present scheme will provide assistance to NGOs for running crèches. 
Objectives: 
  • To providing a nursery where babies and young children are cared for during the working day. Employment of women has resulted in increased opportunities for their employment and more women are now working within or outside their homes. 
  • Thus the children of these women, who were earlier getting support from relatives and friends while their mothers were working now in need of day care services which provide quality care and protection for the children. 

8. Indira Gandhi Matriva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY)

Aim: It is a Conditional Cash Transfer Scheme for pregnant and lactating (P&L) women to contribute to the better environment by providing cash incentives for improved health and nutrition. 
The beneficiaries are paid Rs.4000 in three instalments per P&L woman between the second trimesters till the child attains the age of 6 months on fulfilling specific conditions.
Launched: October 2010 
Objectives:
  • Promoting appropriate care and institutional service utilization during pregnancy, delivery and lactation. 
  • Encouraging the women to follow (optimal) nutrition and feeding practices, including early and Exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months. 
  • Providing cash incentives for improved health and nutrition to pregnant and lactating mothers. 

9. Mahila e-Haat

Aim: To strengthen financial inclusion of Women Entrepreneurs in the economy by providing continues sustenance and support to their creativity.
Objectives:
  • Mahila E-Haat is an initiative for meeting needs of women entrepreneurs. 
  • This startup Rashtriya Mahila Kosh website leverages technology for showcasing products made/manufactured/sold by women entrepreneurs. 
  • They can even show their services of their creative potential. This unique e-platform will strengthen the socioeconomic empowerment of women. 
  • To act as a catalyst by providing a web-based marketing platform to the women entrepreneurs to directly sell their products. 
  • To support 'Make in India' through online marketing platform. 

10. Mahila police volunteers

Aim: The Role of Police is pivotal in ensuring the safety and security of citizens in general and women in particular. 
  • To increase the number of women in the police force. 
Objectives:
  • An MPV will serve as a public-police interface in order to fight crime against women. 
  • The broad mandate of MPVs is to report incidences of violence against women such as domestic violence, child marriage, dowry and violence faced by women in public spaces. 
  • She will act as a role model for the community. 

11. National Mission for Empowerment of Women (NMEW)

Aim: It is an initiative of the Government of India for empowering women holistically. 
Launched: 15 August 2011
Objective:
To strengthen the conceptual and programmatic basis of women-centric schemes implemented. Training & Capacity Building to enhance and strengthen understanding of gender issues, build a Resource Pool (trainers) at the National and State level to bridge gaps between knowledge and practice will be the other focus area of NMEW
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