Analytical Reasoning Quiz For SBI PO 2017

Analytical Reasoning Quiz For SBI PO 2017

Question 1

A recent communique noted that China’s foreign minister told officials in Italy that Beijing intends to maintain and extend its open door policy to the west. The minister also said that China would continue with its programme of political and economic changes despite a recent campaign against Western ideas and foreign aids. 


The writer of the communiqué above makes which of the following assumptions?
(a) China’s foreign minister asserts that internal change is a matter for only Chinese to decide.
(b) Internal political and economic changes will not be tolerated
(c) China’s external relations with the West will continue despite turmoil at home
(d) Internal changes in China will not follow Western models although foreign trade between them may continue.
(e) China’s foreign minister does not realize that an open-door policy and rejection of Western ideas are mutually exclusive. 

Question 2

Direction: The statement given below is followed by three assumptions. Read the statement carefully and consider the statement and assumptions, then decided which assumption(s) is/are implicit.

Statement
The central government has directed the state government to reduce the government expenditure in view of the serious resource crunch and it may not be able to sanction every additional grant to the states for the next six months.
Assumptions
I. The state government is totally dependent on the Central government for its expenditure.
II. The Central government has reviewed the expenditure account of the state government.
III. The state Government will abide by the directives.

(a) II and III are implicit 
(b) All are implicit 
(c) none is implicit 
(d) only III is implicit 

Question 3

Direction: The statement given below is followed by three assumptions. Read the statement carefully and consider the statement and assumptions, then decided which assumption(s) is/are implicit.

Statement
“No democracy has paid a heavier price of adult franchise than India. Illiterate people, after being given the power of vote, have ushered in a kind off functional anarchy”. Excerpts from a speech.
Assumption
I. Adult franchise is not a healthy thing for a democracy
II. Only illiterate people should be given the right to vote
III. There is functional anarchy in India.

(a) None is implicit 
(b) Only I is implicit 
(c) Only II is implicit
(d) Only III is implicit 
(e) II and III are implicit

Question 4

Every town with a pool hall has its share of unsavoury characters. This is because the pool hall attracts gamblers and all gamblers are unsavoury.

Which of the following, if true, cannot be inferred from the above?

(a) All gamblers are unsavoury
(b) All pool halls attract gamblers
(c) Every town has unsavoury characters
(d) All gamblers are attracted by pool halls
(e) An explanation of what attracts gamblers 

Question 5

Direction: In the question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II, lll. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

Statement
Many management institutes in the city have enrolled a large number of students for management courses, which are not recognised either by the local university or by the department or by the department of technical education.
Course of action
I. All these management institutes should immediately be derecognized by the university and the department of technical education.
II. All these management institutes should be asked to refund fees to all such students and enroll them only for recognised courses
III.All such students should be advised to switch over to the recognised courses in other institutes.

(a) only I follows 
(b) only II follows 
(c) only III follows
(d) both II and III follow e)none of the above

Question 6

Direction: In the question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered I, II, lll. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true and on the basis of the information given in the statement, decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.

Statement
It is suspected that one of the main reasons behind the Jammu bomb explosions on this republic day could be the compliance of some government officials.
Course of action
I. Government should ask all government officials to leave to go on leave until the truth is finally out.
II. The government should set up an enquiry commission to look into the matter.
III. security arrangements should be tightened in and around the area.

(a) Only I follows 
(b) Only III follows 
(c) I and II follows 
(d) II and III follow 
(e) All follow

Question 7

Before the arrival of Joe, a new partner , sales output in Bill’s company, Midas in Reverse Ltd. Had been rising by 10% per year on average, Innovations by Joe included computerization of technical processes and reductions in the work force, but annual sales output has only risen by 5% per year. It appears that Joe’s innovations have caused the reduction in the annual growth rate.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above?

(a) The investment in new machinery entails a provision for depreciation of the cost of the ifxed assets, which causes a reduction in profit
(b) Midas in Reverse Ltd. does not base increase in the selling price of its products with costs.
(c) Joe’s innovations were intended as long term investment and not made for short term profit growth
(d) General demand for the product manufactured by the company has declined
(e) Workers laid off by Midas in Reverse Ltd. Have been hired by a competitor who is taking an increasing share of market.

Question 8

For our nation to compete successfully in the high-technology enterprises of the future, workers with skills in maths and science will be needed. But it is doubtful that they will be available, since there is a shortage of high school maths and science teachers that shows no signs of improving .Industries can help alleviate this problem by funding scholarship grants and aid to college students who graduate in maths and science with the hope of pursuing teaching careers .

Which of the following if true , would most probably prevent the proposed plan from achieving its intended effect?

(a) After graduation from college, most maths and science graduates opt for jobs in industry rather than in teaching.
(b) Many high schools have been forced to lower their standards in hiring maths and science teachers
(c) More scholarship money is already available for students of maths and science than is available for any other field.
(d) Population statistics show that the number of high school students is expected to decline over the next ten years
(e) Many experts say that business of the future will require relatively few highly trained workers, along with many semi-skilled and purely technical employees.

Question 9

In 1989, Japanese economic growth is expected to increase 50 times more than that of the USA. Japanese economic policy ensures that faster growth is caused by greater investment in modern industrial plants, the initial investment,l eads to lower production costs, increased competitiveness, higher living standards and low inflation. The USA, on the other hand, is more concerned with curbing inflation and is pursuing a policy of is slow growth, thus preventing investment in the modernization of American industry.

Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from the above?

(a) slow growth prevents inflation
(b) slow growth policies reduce inflation, but also decrease the efficiency and competitiveness of industry.
(c) Investment in industry causes inflation
(d) Inflation can be reduced by increasing productivity
(e) The US must curb inflation before it can modernise and streamline its industry.

Question 10

Direction: The question given below consists of a statement, followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument. 

Statement
Is paying ransom or agreeing to the conditions of kidnappers of political figures a proper course of action?
Arguments
(II) Yes, Victims must be saved at any cost
(II) No, It encourages the kidnappers to continue with their sinister activities. 

Give answer:
(a) if only argument I is strong
(b) if only argument II is strong
(c) if either I or II is strong
(d) if neither I or II is strong
(e) if both I and II are strong

Explanation


Solution 1.

(a) may be inferred but not assumed, clearly he is asserting not assuming, similarly
(b) and 
(c) too can be inferred from the communiqué and sentence 
(e) has no proof. 
Only (d) summarises the minister’s assertion

Solution 2

a) The use of the word ‘totally’ makes the assumption doubtful. It is given that the central government has directed the state government to reduce its expenditure account and also the state government will abide by the directive. 
So I statement is not implicit. 
Only II and III are implicit.

Solution 3

The author is not against the adult franchise in general, he is only against if by illiterate people so I is not implicit. 
Statement II is obviously implied and statement III is again implied.

Solution 4

(c) The savoury’s conclusion is that all towns have unsavoury characters is false. So conclusion (c) is wrong. A and b are stated in the passage. (d) and (e) can be deducted.

Solution 5

a) The prime and effective course of action is recognization of such institutes by the university. Hence, the course of action I is appropriate

Solution 6

II and III are logical steps, I is over reacting, you cannot suspend all the officials only because some of them are being suspected. Moreover, asking all the officials to go on leave would mean a total breakdown in the government machinery. So (d)is the right answer.

Solution 7

d) in order to shift the blame for reduction in the annual rate of growth of sales output away form Joe’s new regime, we must find another reason for the lack of sales, (d) provides us with this alternative.

Solution 8

a) The correct response to this question is a statement that focuses upon an unforeseen casual outcome. what option (a) asserts is that you can pour the money into the system, and you can train students in maths and science, but they will not go into teaching. Thus. Your plan will not achieve the desired levels.

Solution 9

b) The statement in choice (a) cannot be inferred or concluded because we cannot conclude that slow growth can prevent inflation. the statement in choice (d) is partially correct a since increased productivity has lowered the rate of inflation in Japan.
However,this had been coupled with lowering of production costs. So statement (d) is insufficient by itself. Choice (E) is correct interpretation of the US economic policy, but it is not a proven statement. Choice (b) is the correct choice.

Solution 10

Option (e), Both are strong as one has positive feature and other is negative.
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