Learn Vocabulary With Root Words For IBPS PO: Day 3


In this article we learn how we can improve our vocabulary easily by developing tricks. We make use of a technique known as ETYMOLOGY.

Review of Etymology:

Prefix, Root, Suffix
Meaning
Orthos
Straight, correct
Odontos
Tooth
kardia
Heart
Neuron
Nerve
Algos
Pain
-osis
Abnormal or diseased condition
-otic
Abnormal condition
-itis
Inflammation
Psyche
Spirit, soul, mind
Iatreia
Medical healing
Geras
Old age
Graph
Records or writing
Gram
Records produced
-ist
Person who
-ac
Pertaining to
-iatry
Medical treatment
-paedics
Medical treatment

Note 1: 

  • Ends with y = noun
  • Ends with ist = noun
  • Ends with ic = adjective

Trick to learn words:

  • Specialist who straightens teeth= orthos (straight) + odontos (tooth) + ist (person who) = orthodontist 
  • Nerve pain = neuron (nerve) + algos (pain) = neuralgia 
  • Medical speciality dealing with bones and joints = orthos (correct) + paedics (medical treatment) = orthopaedics 
  • Medical speciality dealing with emotional disturbances and mental illness = psyche (mind) + iatry (medical treatment) =psychiatry 
  • Inflammation of the nerves = neuron (nerve) + itis (inflammation) = neuritis 
  • Emotional or personality disorder= neuron (nerve) + osis (diseased condition) = neurosis 
  • Mentally unbalanced = psyche (mind) + otic (abnormal condition) = psychotic 
  • Pertaining to the heart = kardia (heart) + ac (pertaining to) = cardiac 
  • Speciality dealing with medical problems of the elderly = geras (old people) + ic (pertaining to) = geriatrics 
  • Instrument that records heart action = kardia (heart) + graph (which records) = cardiograph 
  • Record produced by such an instrument = kardia (heart) + gram (records produced) = cardiogram

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