Vocabulary from Economic Times: 28 July 2017

Errant: पथभ्रष्ट/भटका हुआ 

Straggly, divergent, law-breaking, criminal, guilty
Example: True, our financial laws have loopholes that some errant individuals exploit.


Archaic: प्राचीन/पुराना 

Very old, old-fashioned, obsolete, out of date
Example: The code would replace two archaic laws.

Dysfunctional: दुष्क्रियात्मक/शिथिल 

Not operating normally or properly
Example: But they have seldom been used due to a dysfunctional judicial system.

Adjudicate: निर्णय करना 

Make a formal judgement on a disputed matter; judge, examine, hear, try
Example: The debt recovery tribunal (DRT) is the adjudicating authority for individuals and unlimited liability partnership firms under the code.

Appellate: पुनर्विचार सम्बन्धी 

(Especially of a court) concerned with or dealing with applications for decisions to be reversed
Example: However, an individual can move the debt recovery appellate tribunal (DRAT) contesting the DRT’s order.

Remuneration: पारिश्रमिक 

Money paid for work or a service; money, payment, salary
Example: Setting up more benches, raising the remuneration for members of DRTs, making appeals costlier and limiting the number of appeals against rulings would help.

Amnesty: क्षमादान 

An official pardon for people who have been convicted of political offences; reprieve, release, discharge, liberty
Example: My hat's off to amnesty for having the guts to stand up and shout the truth.

Subserve: दिग्दर्शित 

Help to further or promote
Example: Rules are meant to subserve larger goals.

Overweening: आत्मविश्वास 

Showing excessive confidence or pride; overconfident, conceited, cocksure, smug
Example: The boy showed overweening confidence in the interview.

Loom: संकट मँडराना 

Appear as a vague form, especially one that is large or threatening
Example: Vehicles loomed out of the darkness.

Behemoth: विशालकाय 

A huge or monstrous creature
Example: The door slowly opened and found herself face to face with a behemoth of a creature.

Bereft: वंचित 

Deprived of or lacking (something); robbed of
Example: There is scarcely a habitation that is bereft of their silent but undeniable presence.

Lurk: छिप कर बैठना 

Be or remain hidden so as to wait in ambush for someone or something; skulk, loiter, lie low, hide
Example: They lurk in places that are often unexpected but never can it be said that they are unwanted.

Obstreperous: काबू के परे 

Noisy and difficult to control
Example: Her children are obstreperous.

Conscientious: कर्तव्यनिष्ठ 

Wishing to do one's work or duty well and thoroughly; diligent, sedulous, assiduous, industrious
Example: A conscientious decision to speak out about injustice.

Presumably: सम्भवतः 

Used to convey that what is asserted is very likely though not known for certain
Example: Presumably, he missed the train.

Sturdy: दृढ़ 

Showing confidence and determination; vigorous, strong, stalwart, firm
Example: He is sturdy on his decision.

Moniker: उपनाम 

A name
Example: Mostly the poet use their moniker to introduce themselves.

Armour: कवच 

Armor, shield, armature, harness, coat of mail
Example: These grenades are able to pierce the armour of tanks.

Astute: चतुर 

Having or showing an ability to accurately assess situations or people and turn this to one's advantage; shrewd, sharp, acute, quick
Example: Nitish Kumar is an astute politician who takes decisions without the fear of being branded a rank opportunist.

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