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# Reasoning Practice Module 2 - Statement and Assumptions

Our reasoning revision topics for today are Statement and Assumptions and Course of Action.

For those who have been following my blog regularly, and for those who haven’t, here’s the link to a quick once over to the general rules/tricks/tips to solving verbal logical deductions.

In PO exams these hold a lot of importance; I’m sure those who are fresh from IBPS PO IV will agree.

From the SBI PO 2014 experience of my friends and colleagues, I remember that it had some real tough verbal logical deductions – thus considering SBI Associates PO is the next big one, we should gear up in these chapters especially!

That said, let us begin our 20 questions and please remember to time yourselves!

First five are assumption questions…the next five are course of action ones.

### Here we go:

1. A few travelers were severely beaten up by villagers recently in a remote rural part of the state as the villagers found the movement of the travelers suspicious. The district authority has sent a police team to nab the culprits.

Which of the following inferences can be drawn from the above statement? (An inference is something which is not directly stated but can be inferred from the given facts. Inference = Assumption.)

Ans.:
(1) The villagers dislike the presence of strangers in their vicinity.
(2) Villagers are generally suspicious in nature.
(3) Travellers prefer to visit country side.
(4) The Government generally provides protection to travelers across the country.
(5) None of the above

2. Statements:  Children whose mothers eat more Frito Lays during pregnancy have higher motor skills and more athletic capabilities than those whose mothers eat little, according to a new British study.

Assumption:
I. Those whose mothers don’t eat Frito Lays have zero motor skills and athletic capability.
II. It is essential for pregnant women to have Frito Lays in order to have children with higher motor skills and more athletic capability.

Ans.:
(1) Only I follows
(2) Only II follows
(3) Neither follow
(4) Both follow
(5) Either I or II follows

3. Statements: A Reliance Fresh Retail store was attacked by vegetable vendors in Ranchi.

Which of the following option(s) is/are implicit?
I. Reliance Fresh has affected the livelihood of local vegetable vendors.
II. Reliance Fresh stores are built in thickly populated areas.

Ans.:
(1) Either I or II
(2) Only I
(3) Only II
(4) Both are implicit above
(5) Neither are implicit.

4. Statements: “Please submit your fee well before 10th February.” Read a notice at a coaching institute.

Assumption:
I. Unless they are instructed through a notice, a number of students will not submit their fee.
II. The Institute will be closing for summer vacation.

Ans.:
(1) Only I follows
(2) Either I or II follows
(3) Only II
(4) Neither I nor II follow
(5) Both I and II

5. Statements: A says to B, “Refer to the Cambridge dictionary instead of the Oxford dictionary to be good at English.”

Assumptions:
I. B wants to be good at English.
II. A genuinely cares about B’s well being in every matter.

Ans.:
(1) Only I follows
(2) Only II follows
(3) I and II both follow
(4) None of the two assumptions follow
(5) Either I or II follow

6. Statement: The presence of Mafiosi in the education system of UP has increased drastically.

Course of Action:
I. There should be a special task force constituted to clean the system of its ills.
II. The UP Govt. should resign immediately.

(1) I and II both follow
(2) Only II follows
(3) Only I follows
(4) None of the two course of action follow
(5) Either I or II follow

7. Statement: It has been reported that water level is declining rapidly in India.

Course of Action:
I. There should be a public campaign to educate people about the need to reduce and eliminate the wastage of water.
II. New technologies should be researched and utilized to store rain water.

(1) I and II both follow
(2) Only II follows
(3) Only I follows
(4) None of the two course of action follow
(5) Either I or II follow

8. Statement: Amartya arrived an hour late for the examination. The cut off time to enter the exam hall is maximum 15 minutes late.

Course of Action:
I. A rule is for everyone, so Amartya should not be allowed to enter the exam hall and take the exam.
II. Amartya should be rusticated from his college foe violating the rule.

(1) I and II both follow
(2) Only II follows
(3) Only I follows
(4) None of the two course of action follow
(5) Either I or II follow

9. Statement: The cream of India’s cricket team is likely to retire in the next three years leaving a vacuum which the Indian cricket team is going to struggle to overcome.

Course of Action:
I. The BCCI should start to induct youngsters into the team and start to give them exposure to pressure situations.
II. There should be a rotation policy adopted for senior players in order to prolong their careers and keep them injury free.

(1) Either I or II follow
(2) Only II follows
(3) Only I follows
(4) I and II both follow
(5) None of the two course of action follow

10. Statement:
Higher education in America is very expensive. This is perhaps because more and more graduates from across the world try to go to America for higher education.

Course of Action:
I. The American government should stop such migration of students from other countries.
II. The American government should clamp down heavily on such institutions and universities which charge high for higher education.

(1) I and II both follow
(2) Only II follows
(3) Only I follows
(4) None of the two course of action follow
(5) Either I or II follow

That is all for today, keep sharing knowledge and learning!