Adjectives - English Grammar Notes

Adjectives are words that describes or modify another person or thing in the sentence.
adjectives



Degree of adjective

1. Positive: It is used to describe the quality of noun.



2. Comparative Degree : It is used when there is a comparison between two nouns or pronouns.


3 Superlative Degree : When noun is shown as a superior out of a club or group, class etc.

Superlative degree is used.Superlative degree is followed by ' the '.

# Comparative Degree


Rule 1

1. There are some adjective which denotes absolute positions and of which comparative and superlative degrees remains the some.


Rule 2

               Their are some adjective which uses 'to' rather than ' than' when used to compare.

                These adjective has suffix - ' ior '
         
               These adjective are:

Rule 3

        If two adjective are separated by ' and ' , then they must be in some degree.


Use of ' very , ' more ' , ' much '


Very : It is used with positive degree of adjective .

More:  Used with comparative degree of two.

Much : It is used with comparative degree.


Example:

  1. He is good.
  2. He is very good.
  3. He is better than you.
  4. He is much better than you.
  5. He is comparatively smarter than you. [ Correct : Smart ]

Conversion of Superlative degree to Comparative degree

            There are two methods to change superlative degree to comparative degree

Methods

  1. All + Other + Plural Noun
  2. Any + Other + Singular Noun
       Gold is more precious than any other metal.

Examples:
  1. He is better than all other boy of the class.  [Correct : boys ] [ Method 1 ]
  2. He is better than any other boy of the class.                            [ Method 2 ]
  3. She was curious to know what it was that made him stronger and braver than any other man of his village.                                                                                [ Method 2 ]
  4. The Ganga is the holiest of all other rivers of India.
       [ ' other ' is never used witg superlative degree ]

Synthesis

Synthesis is done between two special type of sentences which have
                            [ It is done by using conjuction ' If / but ]

Example :  She is more beautiful but not so altered as her younger sister.

Ordering of Adjectives

Size → shape → age → color → nationality → noun

Example → Black American 20 year old Nigro is his best friend.

Correct → 20 year Black American Negro is his best friend.

Examples:
  1.  he wanted certain boy to make entry into the principal's chamber. [ Correct : boys ]                                                                                                                                                                               certain → a) with ' certain ' noun used in plural form                                                                                     b) ' a ' is used with certain                                                                                                 
  2. These sort of men attain worldly success by hook or by crook. [ Correct : sorts ]                         

' These ' and ' Those '

The noun following ' these ' and ' those ' should be in plural form.                                          
  1. There were only two soldiers but each and every soldiers was equal to 5 policemen.                    [ Correct : soldier , 'and each' never be used ]    here each is used as adjective.
  2. Inspite of facing much problems he did not dessert the path of honesty.        [ Correct : Many ]        
     

' much ' and ' many '

much is used with uncountable nouns. many is used with countable nouns.
  1.  Can you tell me how many eggs and how much milk he has brought home.
  2. whole the chapter of the book is full of printing mistake.      

'All , Whole & Both '

' All ' and ' both ' are followed by definite article ' the '. ' whole ' is proceeded by the definite article  ' the ' .
  1. Her long  black hair adds glamour to her looks. [  size → color ( Order of Adjectives ) ] 
  2. I saw an anxious pale girl . [ emotion  → color ( Order of Adjective ]
  3. I saw a pale anxious girl.
  4. I t is a fact that mahatma Gandhi was the  1st  politician of his time.  [ Correct : famous ]
  5. Delhi is farther from Patna than it is from kolkata.
  6. You can trust this agency for the last news of this week. [ Correct : latest ]
  7. He doesn't have some money to buy a new car. [ Correct : any ]  

' Some ' & ' Any '

' any ' is used with negative sentence and question
  1. He felt happily to know that, his younger brother had got a prestigious job in the bank. [ Correct: happy ]

Find More Easy & Concise English Grammar Notes Here:

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55 comments:

  1. hello sir..hw can i acess free tests on test panda??

    ReplyDelete
  2. Pravin ( Die-Hard Optimist )June 12, 2015 at 3:33 PM

    Congrats Nikhil :)
    Me too frm Maharashtra.
    Basically from Osmanabad but preparing frm Pune.
    Wht abt u?

    ReplyDelete
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  4. hello Sir ,
    please give us more reasoning short cuts ..I dont know any strategy to solve Puzzles, Seating arrangement etc so they seems to be too tough. How to approach reasoning for SBI PO prelims

    ReplyDelete
  5. Pallavi ...Target CWE #5(pal)June 12, 2015 at 3:55 PM

    sir, when you gonna compile these grammar notes in pdf ???

    ReplyDelete
  6. Sir, will clerks in psu banks get NOC during their probation period for appearing in other psu interviews or written examanation..if yes,then whom should we approach for getting NOC..if no,why..??since there is no service bond liability for psu clerks..any idea plz share

    ReplyDelete
  7. Pallavi ...Target CWE #5(pal)June 12, 2015 at 4:06 PM

    welcome !!

    ReplyDelete
  8. Again its time for raining notifications one by one :)
    but I strongly believe there is a post reserved for me in RBI ;) Do you ?

    Coming together is a beginning; keeping together is progress; working together is success

    ALL THE BEST COMPETITORS !! TIME TO GEAR UP :)

    ReplyDelete
  9. it is mentioned that not born earlier than 2-06-1987 so u can apply for it still if u have query than contact rbi help line no.

    ReplyDelete
  10. ibpso@ibps.in mail them about your query

    ReplyDelete
  11. Sir main banking terms kaa question joki ibps main aata hai wo kaha se paru. Sir plz jara bata dete to aacha hota.

    ReplyDelete
  12. Sir plz help me.

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  14. Sir ibps GA main jo special banking terms ka jo questions aata hai wo main kaha se paru. Bata dete to bahut aacha hota ya fir koi book reference karenge. Plz sir help me

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  15. sir plz PUBLISH previous RBI ASSISTANT SOLVED PAPERS

    ReplyDelete
  16. Congratulation Nikhil, Here i would like to thank Ramandeep sir, I have been following you since 1 month and i felt that your post really really help me to prepare for banking examinations. so i urge you to keep providing your post and positive thought. one day i will be able to crack bank exam.

    ReplyDelete
  17. SIR plse give ur mail id to contact you

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  18. Thanks yaar. All the best for exam

    ReplyDelete
  19. HI,

    What is your name and user id ?

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  21. Download this - http://www.bankexamstoday.com/2014/07/basic-financial-and-banking-terms.html

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  22. Thanx and god luck for exam

    ReplyDelete
  23. 3 important things u need to know about rbi assistant form B4 applying :
    1: If u wish to apply for other states, u need to choose centre from that state (plz consider factors like travelling expense, availability of reservation and rain condition)
    2: if u r looking this job for life time, (specially girls) u can't ask for out of the region transfer for which u r applying for.
    3: cut off for NAGPUR MAY TOUCH THE SKY
    Friends think twice, act wise.
    WISH U ALL D BEST FOR RBI ASSISTANT

    ReplyDelete
  24. Sir ,
    Where I send a request for change in age limit in bank assistant / clerk exam sbi clerk ibps clerk.

    ReplyDelete
  25. congs nikhil...as u mentioned in your story raman sir taught u "how to use magic no. in percentage, profit loss" ..what r those tricks...

    ReplyDelete
  26. Sir....should i fill the form..as my overall graduation percentage is 48.5% and the criteria is for 5o%...plz suggest

    ReplyDelete
  27. Ofcourse neha.... see if u go through profit loss concept of raman sir notes.... u will find magic no. ... means if u want to find 20 perce profit prise u simply multiply with 1.2 ... and for discount of 10 percent u need to multiply with 0.9... go to depth of it and u will find it is aplicable to many ratio proportion, percentage and even di problem.....

    ReplyDelete
  28. ok dear thanks i'll check

    ReplyDelete
  29. thank u sir

    ReplyDelete
  30. If i apply for some other state say gujrath
    Chances are more for selection?
    ase kuch hau kya?

    ReplyDelete
  31. Nagpur me kaha se ho bhai, me too from Nagpur!!
    Kya strategy rahi thi tumhari exam crack karne k liye ??? Plzz help, Mai 2 month se xam dera Hu par ek bhi clear nahi Hua ..plz help bhai..

    ReplyDelete
  32. Sir can u plz suggest some topics for bob gd/PI .It would be a great help

    ReplyDelete
  33. Whn it is clearly mentioned minimum 50%..why to apply thn..u will b disqualified

    ReplyDelete
  34. Certificate isnt mandatory.... U need to have knowledge of computers

    ReplyDelete
  35. U can apply in any state but u must know local language of the applied state

    ReplyDelete
  36. CHECK THIS - http://www.bankexamstoday.com/2015/05/gd-topics-for-bank-of-baroda-po-program.html

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  37. U follow which test series daily I. M solving 1 test but my marks r not increasing tell me which test series is good

    ReplyDelete
  38. sir plz send me the notes based on profit loss percentage etc to my mail id arjunghosh489@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  39. Nivetha PrabhakaranJune 17, 2015 at 7:09 AM

    Ok sir hw to improve english section

    ReplyDelete
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    what is the price

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