Participles - English Grammar Notes

Types

  1. Present Participle
  2. Past Participle

# Present Participle

Participles

  • Here running is come alone without any helping verb, so from this we got to know that 'running ' is not a part of tense.
  • If we use only ' run ' instead of ' running ' it doesn't make any sense
  • So when v1 + ing comes alone, without them sentence doesn't make any sense is known as participle.
  • If it in the present tense ( is, are is used ) , then the participle is known as Present Participle.
  • Here participle is act as an adjective.

# Past Participle 

  • Used for all perfect tense forms of a verb and in the passive voice.
Example: He hid the money in his recently gotten shirt.
                Here gotten is past participle because :
  • It acts as adjective because it adds the quality or describes about noun. ( Here noun is shirt )
  • No helping verb is used with ' gotten ' so it cannot be a part of tense.
  • It is third form of verb.
Example : He took the gun. He shot the tiger.

          Having taken the gun, he shot the tiger.    [ Active Voice ]

          Here past participle is used with having

So in the active voice past participle can come as
          having + v3

Having been taken the gun, he shot the tiger.     [ Passive Voice ]
[ He : Subject of Reference ]

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