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Crops in India - Details

Published on Sunday, November 08, 2015
Important crops in India with details :-

S. NO. NAME OF CROPS PRODUCTION AREA IN HECTARES (2013-14 estimates) STATES
(in which plenty of these crops are available)
Soils which on which these crops grown very well
1. Rice 43.9 Million Hectares West Bengal, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil, Nadu, Odisha, Bihar etc. Alluvial, Laterite, Saline and Alkaline, Peaty and Marshy
2. Wheat 29.8 Million Hectares Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh etc. Alluvial, Red Soil, Laterite Soil, Mountain Soil
3. Tea 563.98 Thousand Hectares Assam, Best Bengal, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Tripura, Kerala, Karnataka etc. Laterite, Mountain Soil
4. Oil Seeds Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Tripura, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh etc. Alluvial, Black Soil, Peaty and Marshy Soils, Laterite Soil
5. Sugarcane Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana etc. Black Soil, Laterite, Peaty and Marshy Soils, Saline and Alkaline
6. Maize Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh etc. Mountain, Laterite
7. Pulses Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Rajasthan etc. Red Soil, Laterite
8. Coffee Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Assam etc. Laterite, Mountain
9. Bajra and Jowar Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Maharashtra etc. Black Soil, Red Soil
10. Potatoes Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab etc. All types of Soil Except Saline & Alkaline Soils and Desert Soils
11. Onions Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh & Telangana, Bihar, Gujarat etc. All types of Soil Except Sandy Soils, Desert Soils and Saline & Alkaline Soils
12. Tomatoes Bihar, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Orrisa, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal etc. All types of Soil Except Sandy Soils, Desert Soils and Saline & Alkaline Soils
13. Cotton Punjab, Gujarat, Maharashtra etc.
14. Jute Best Bengal, Bihar, Assam etc.
15. Vegetables West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh & Telangana, Gujarat etc. All types of Soil Except Sandy Soils, Desert Soils and Saline & Alkaline Soils
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