List of Satellites Launched by ISRO

List of Satellites Launched by ISRO

Satellites Launched From PSLV:

SATELLITEYEARLaunch vehiclePurpose
IRNSS-1A2013PSLV-C221st in Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS)
IRNSS-1B
    2014PSLV-C242nd in Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System 
    IRNSS-1C
      2014PSLV-C263rd in Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System
      IRNSS-1D
        2015PSLV-C274th Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System 
        Astrosat
          2015PSLV-C30ASTROSAT is India's first dedicated space Observatory.
          IRNSS-1E
            2016PSLV-C315th in IRNSS
            IRNSS-1F
              2016PSLV-C326th in IRNSS
              IRNSS-1G
                2016PSLV-C337th and final in IRNSS
                Cartosat-2c
                  June 2016PSLV-C34Earth observation/remote sensing satellite (already one launched in 2005)
                  SCATSAT-1
                    Sep 2016PSLV-C35Miniature satellite to provide weather forecasting, cyclone prediction, and tracking services to India
                    RESOURCESAT-2A
                      15Feb 2017PSLV-C36a Remote Sensing satellite intended for resource monitoring
                      CARTOSAT-2D
                        15Feb 2017PSLV-C37Highest number of satellites launched by a single launch vehicle (104 satellites)
                        PSLV-C38 / Cartosat-2 Series SatelliteJune 23,2017PSLV-XLThe Cartosat will provide remote sensing services for about five years.
                        PSLV-C40/Cartosat-2 Series Satellite MissionJan 12, 2018PSLV-XLProviding high resolution scene specific spot imageries.
                        PSLV-C41/IRNSS-1IApr 12, 2018PSLV-XLNavigation satellite constellation
                        NovaSAR and S1-4Sep 16, 2018PSLV-C42It will help for forestry mapping, land use and ice cover monitoring, flood and disaster monitoring, environment monitoring, urban management.
                        Hyper Spectral Imaging Satellite (HysIS)Nov 29, 2018PSLV-C43To study earth's surface in visible near infrared and shortwave infrared regions of electromagnetic spectrum within a bandwidth of 400nm-2500nm wavelength
                        Microsat-R and Kalamsat-V2Jan 25, 2019PSLV-C44It is a communications satellite for ham radio transmission, a form of wireless communication used by amateurs for non-commercial activities
                        • CHANDRAYAN-1 was India’s first lunar probe launched using PSLV-XL.
                        • Astrosat is India's first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory. It was launched on a PSLV-XL on 28 September 2015
                        • The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called Mangalyaan is a space probe orbiting Mars since 24 September 2014. It is India's first interplanetary mission] and ISRO has become the fourth space agency to reach Mars, after the Soviet space program, NASA, and the European Space Agency. PSLV C25 carried it to space , The total cost of the mission was approximately ₹450 Crore (US$73 million) making it the least-expensive Mars mission to date
                        • The NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) mission is a joint project between NASA and ISRO to co-develop and launch a dual frequency synthetic aperture radar satellite to be launched in 2020.

                        Satellites Launched From GSLV: (FIRST LAUNCH IN 2001)

                        SATELLITEYEARLAUNCH VEHICLEPURPOSE
                        GSAT-17
                          2017European Ariane 5Satellite based search and rescue services
                          GSAT-1 ,D1
                            2001GSLV M1Developmental flight
                            GSLV Mk II D6
                              2015GSAT-69th GSLV flight and
                              5TH developmental flight.
                              INSAT-3DR 
                                September 2016GSLV F05First operational flight of GSLV Mk II.
                                1. GSLV 19 (through
                                2. Heaviest rocket GSLV MK III D1)
                                  05 june 2017GSLV MK IIITill now India had to depend on foreign launchers for satellites weighing more than 2300 kg (geosynchronous transfer orbit) , GSLV MKIII can lift 4000 kg into the GTO and upto 10000kg into the LEO
                                  (low Earth orbit)
                                  GSAT-11
                                    December 2018Ariane 5It will help provide satellite-based internet to remote places where cable-based internet cannot reach.

                                    Upcoming Satellite

                                    • India is planning to launch 32 space missions in 2019. 
                                      • Missions include the second lunar mission Chandrayaan-2
                                    • Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will launch a satellite exclusively for the Union Home Ministry to help it in strengthening its frontiers with Pakistan and Bangladesh among others. 
                                      • The plan for an exclusive satellite has been formulated based on the recommendations made by a task force on the use of space technology in improving border management. 

                                    SAARC Satellite 

                                    The South Asian Satellite, also known as GSAT-9, is a geostationary communications and meteorology satellite operated by Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) region.
                                    It was announced by the prime minister of India, Narendra Modi in August 2014, in line with his foreign policy objective of strengthening India’s relations and cooperation with neighboring countries.
                                    • The satellite launched by 5th May, 2017.
                                    • GSAT-9 is a Ku-band broadcasting and telecommunications spacecraft which India has developed to provide services to members of SAARC.
                                    • The GSAT-9 spacecraft is a 2,230-kilogram (4,920 lb) satellite based on ISRO’s I-2K bus.
                                    Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) will launch three communication satellites — GSAT-19 and GSAT-20 — in the coming 18 months to boost internet speed across the nation.
                                    NISAR or the NASA-ISRO (American space agency NASA and India's ISRO ) Synthetic Aperture Radar satellite could possibly be the world's most expensive Earth imaging satellite and will cost the two countries over 1.5 billion dollars.

                                      NISAR satellite will monitor the Earth; It will be launched in 2021 from India using the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV)

                                      • In what will be its next step to reach, land on and explore the Moon, the Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) is gearing up to launch its space science and planetary exploration mission, Chandrayaan-2, on a GSLV MKII launch vehicle, in the first quarter of 2018.

                                      What is a satellite?

                                      • A satellite is an artificial body placed in orbit around the earth, they can be either natural or artificial serving different purposes like communication, navigation, weather, earth observation, military etc The example for natural satellite is Moon , which keeps orbiting the Earth. Jupiter has 63 moons while Mercury and Venus have no moon.
                                      • In 1957, Russia became the first country to launch an artificial satellite “SPUTNIK 1” rocketed by “SPUTNIK 8K71PS”. 

                                      ISRO

                                        The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) is the space research and exploration agency of the government of India (GOI) headquartered at Bengaluru (Karnataka) aiming to develop and sharpen space research and technology for national development. ISRO was formed in 1969 displacing the Indian national committee for space research (INCOSPAR) established in 1962 with the combined efforts of first prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru and his close aide scientist Vikram Sarabhai ,regarded widely as the Father of the Indian space programme.

                                          Points to be Noted

                                          • Dr. APJ ABDUL KALAM (Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam ) is known as the missile man of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology.
                                          • ISRO comes under the authority of the department of space of GOI and the PM, managing agencies and institutes. 
                                          • It has its own commercial wing named “ANTRIX” a marketing arm, its job is to promote products, services and tech development.
                                          •  It was Dr.Vikram Sarabhai’s continuous efforts which persuaded the Indian government to concentrate on space research work and make a place in the elite club of leading space agencies.

                                          History of Satellites in India

                                          • India launched its first satellite ”ARYABHATA” in 1975 with the help of “KAPUSTIN YAR“ Russian rocket launch site. 
                                          • In 1970s, the project SLV (satellite launch vehicle) headed by Dr.APJ Abdul Kalam with ISRO to develop the technology for launching satellites was in the initial stage and made its first launch in the year 1979 carrying “ROHINI” named satellite to the orbit. The launch vehicle throws the rocket carrying the satellite into different orbits. 
                                          • Subsequently, it has developed PSLV (Polar satellite launch vehicle) and GSLV ( Geosynchronous satellite launch vehicle ).
                                          • The PSLV took its first flight in 1993 and is breaking records since then, with its latest successful flight on 15 February 2017,carved its name in the history by launching 104 satellites in polar orbit at one go in just a single rocket “PSLV C37” from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC),surpassing Russian record of 37 satellites in 2014.
                                          • It carried 3 Indian satellites 1)CARTOSAT-2 series, India’s weather observation satellite2)INS-1A and INS-1B (Indian national satellite ) and other nations satellites including 96 from US alone.
                                          • With this Indian satellites launched in space now stands at 46 and the total number of customer satellites from abroad launched by India’s workhorse launch vehicle PSLV has reached 180. 
                                          • It has launched various satellites for historic missions like Chandrayan-1, Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), Space Capsule Recovery Experiment, Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System, etc.

                                          Quick Facts

                                          • ISRO- headquarters- Bengaluru ( Karnataka)
                                          • Established in 1969
                                          • Vikram Sarabhai –father of Indian space programme
                                          • APJ Abdul Kalam- the missile man of India
                                          • ANTRIX – commercial wing of ISRO
                                          • First artificial satellite launched by Russia in 1957 named ‘SPUTANIK1”
                                          • First Indian satellite ( other countries launch site) “ARYABHATA” in 1975
                                          • First Indian satellite (launch site in India) – “ROHINI” by SLV in 1979
                                          • NASA:  ( National Aeronautics and Space Administration,US 
                                          • CHANDRAYAN-1 was India’s first lunar probe launched using PSLV-XL.
                                          • ASTROSATIS India's first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory. It was launched on a PSLV-XL on 28 September 2015
                                          • The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called Mangalyaan is a space probe orbiting Mars since 24 September 2014. It is India's first interplanetary mission] and ISRO has become the fourth space agency to reach Mars, after the Soviet space program, NASA, and the European Space Agency. PSLV C25 carried it to space , The total cost of the mission was approximately Rs. 450 Crore (US$73 million) making it the least-expensive Mars mission to date
                                          • The NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) mission is a joint project between NASA and ISRO to co-develop and launch a dual frequency synthetic aperture radar satellite to be launched in 2020. 
                                          • ISRO Chairman – Kailasavadivoo Sivan

                                          TAKEAWAY POINTS:

                                          • ISRO- headquarters- Bengaluru ( Karnataka) 
                                          • Established in 1969 
                                          • Vikram Sarabhai –father of Indian space programme 
                                          • APJ Abdul Kalam- the missile man of India 
                                          • ANTRIX – commercial wing of ISRO 
                                          • First artificial satellite launched by Russia in 1957 named ‘sputnik1” 
                                          • First Indian satellite ( other countries launch site) “ARYABHATA” in 1975 
                                          • First Indian satellite (launch site in India) – “ROHINI” by SLV in 1979 
                                          • NASA ( National Aeronautics and Space Administration), US space agency. 
                                          • ISRO Chairman – Kailasavadivoo Sivan.

                                          We have also updated the  General Knowledge for Competitive Exams, which covers Science and Technology Knowledge, Inventions and Discoveries etc. that will help to cover General Knowledge Topics for upcoming Exams.


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