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Vocabulary from Economic Times: 20 July 2017

Published on Thursday, July 20, 2017

1. Sceptic: संदेहवादी 

A person inclined to question or doubt accepted opinions; cynic, doubter, questioner, pessimist
Example: The scientist was a religious sceptic and had trouble believing God exists.

2. Contemplate: विचार करना 

Think about; consider, ponder, mull, think, contemplate, opine
Example:  When the accountant was asked to contemplate the current budget, he discovered many ways the company could save money.

3. Flagrant: खुला 

(Of an action considered wrong or immoral) conspicuously or obviously offensive; untied, bleak, undisguised, unstrung, direct, obvious, evident
Example: Going after the personal assets of a promoter is flagrant violation of the principle of limited liability.

4. Moratorium: रोक 

A temporary prohibition of an activity; embargo, ban, prohibition, suspension, stay
Example: The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code provides a moratorium on all legal proceedings.

5. Albeit: यद्यपि 

Though, although, even though, even if, inasmuch as
Example: The Companies Act seeks to safeguard the principle of limited liability, albeit only for a small class of shareholders.

6. Reap: प्राप्त करना 

Receive (something, especially something beneficial) as a consequence of one's own or another's actions; get, come by, elicit, receipt, procure
Example: This enables manufacturers and retailers to disintermediate the supply chain and reap the benefits of economies of scale.

7. Swathe: क्षेत्रफल 

A broad strip or area of something
Example: This may bring a large swathe of the informal economy into the tax bracket, thereby boosting revenue collections.

8. Accrue: उपाजि॔त होना 

(Of a benefit or sum of money) be received by someone in regular or increasing amounts over time; result, arise, follow, ensue
Example: These will eventually accrue to taxpayers through various government schemes and programmes.

9. Intrinsic: स्वाभाविक/ वास्तविक 

Belonging naturally; essential, natural, instinctive, spontaneous, cavalier, instinct
Example: A man with a generous heart can see the intrinsic value in something which looks worthless to others.

10. Stagnate: स्थिर होना 

Cease developing; become inactive or dull; unshackle, stay put, rest, root
Example: Despite an increasing number of students, the money being allotted for education continues to remain stagnant.

11. Penchant: प्रवृत्ति

Trend, tendency, propensity, aptitude, diathesis
Example: At an early age, my annoying brother seemed to have a penchant for getting into trouble.

12. Forge: बनाना 

Make, build, build up, constitute, manufacture
Example: Abby had to forge her words very carefully when she started to feel upset.

13. Topple: लुढ़का देना 

Remove (a government or person in authority) from power; overthrow, depose, dislodge, unseat, eject
Example: In 1993, she supported Mulayam Singh of the Samajwadi Party, but toppled him in 1995, becoming chief minister with the BJP’s support.

14. Stark: कड़ा 

Stiff, tough, hard, Spartan, unpalatable
Example: The vegetation in the desert is stark because of the area’s dry climate.

15. Bereft: बेदखल 

Deprived of or lacking (something); robbed of
Example: The bereft parents felt hopeless when they learned of their daughter’s death.

16. Booze: शराब पीना 

Drink alcohol, especially in large quantities
Example: Drunks on free booze will have no one to shout at.

17. Mascot: शुभंकर प्रतीक 

A person or thing that is supposed to bring good luck, especially one linked to a particular organization or event
Example:  Anna had been chosen as the Indian of the Year for being the mascot of the anti-corruption movement.

18. Intrigue: साज़िश 

The secret planning of something illicit or detrimental; conspiracy, planning, double-dealing, collusion
Example: And therein lies the real intrigue of AI.

19. Microcosm: सूक्ष्म जगत 

A community, place, or situation regarded as encapsulating in miniature the characteristics of something much larger
Example: All in all, AI is a microcosm of India’s class system, inside one airplane.

20. Whim: मरज़ी 

A sudden desire or change of mind, especially one that is unusual or unexplained; impulse, urge, notion, fancy
Example: No tolerance for being hit by slippers when not serving a VIP to his whim.
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