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Vocabulary From Economic Times: 9 July 2017

Published on Sunday, July 09, 2017

1. Quest: खोज 

Search, find, discovery, finding, detection
Example: Quest for the unknown liberals.

2. Twain: जुड़वां

Twin, Gemini, archaic term for two
Example: He split the spar in twain.

3. Parochial: संकुचित 

Having a limited or narrow outlook or scope, narrow, contracted, limited, abridged, illiberal, small-minded, insular
Example: For long, the small town syndrome — not just in India — was a phrase used to describe a narrow and parochial way of thinking.

4. Misnomers: मिथ्या नाम 

A wrong or inaccurate name or designation
Example: Small-town India and the small-town mind-set are well and truly misnomers in today’s India, with Bharat benefiting from economic reform and pro-market policies. That’s taken care of the mind-set problem, as well.

5. Clime: आबहवा 

A region considered with reference to its climate, climate, land, province, realm
Example: That’s not unwelcome in climes when human beings are being targeted for their caste, colour, creed and choice of food and dress.

6. Dispensation: व्यवस्था 

A political, religious, or social system prevailing at a particular time, system, arrangement, order, regime, organization
Example: Liberal elite and the inevitable “left liberal” — that favourite oxymoron of the right wing and its avid chroniclers — are sobriquets liberally hurled to describe anyone not conforming with the ruling dispensation.


7. Sobriquet: उपनाम 

Nickname, surname, alias, name, pseudonym
Example: Liberal elite and the inevitable “left liberal” — that favourite oxymoron of the right wing and its avid chroniclers — are sobriquets liberally hurled to describe anyone not conforming with the ruling dispensation.

8. Drench: सराबोर करना 

Wet thoroughly, soak, downpour, torrent, hailstorm, soaker, splurge
Example: The request of this palpably pro-market head honcho seemed amusing and drenched in irony.

9. Palpably: स्पष्ट रूप से 

Noticeably, clearly frankly, expressly, articulately, evidentiary, evidently
Example: The request of this palpably pro-market head honcho seemed amusing and drenched in irony.

10. Pop: फुरती से प्रस्तुत करना 

Snap, burst, explode, crack
Example: The CEO met up with the senior editors and popped the question.

11. Sporadic: छिटपुट 

Occurring at irregular intervals or only in a few places; scattered or isolated
Example: These may not be tough questions to answer if the #NotInMyName roadshow travels beyond urban outposts of sporadic activism.

12. Faction: गुट 

Group, set, side, cell, clique, coterie, caucus, bloc
Example: It is tough fighting the prejudice of the faction in your social set that’s agnostic to climate change.

13. Ferry: ढोना 

Transport from one place to another on short or regular trips, haul, carrying, carry, haulage, transportation
Example: Shouldn’t Tahir from Salempur in northeast Delhi who ferried a few to Jantar Mantar in his Uber taxi also have been a participant in #NotInMyName?

14. Dichotomy: विरोधाभास 

A division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different; separation, divorce, split, gulf, chasm
Example: A rigid dichotomy between science and mysticism (रहस्यवाद).

15. Consummate: परिपूर्ण 

As full as an egg, exhaustive, perfect, exemplary
Example: Pranab Mukherjee is India’s 13th president, but only the fifth to have been a consummate politician before being elevated to the highest office.

16. Articulate: स्पष्ट 

Pronounce (something) clearly and distinctly; clear, apparent, pronounced, glaring, straightforward
Example: The president is duty bound to articulate the policies of the executive of the time.

17. Transgress: उल्लंघन करना 

Break, supersede, infringe, go back on, outstep, misbehave, err, lapse, degenerate
Example: Pranab Mukherjee has spoken his mind, whenever he felt that democratic and constitutional values and conventions were being transgressed.

18. Inconsequential: अप्रासंगिक 

Irrelevant, extraneous, inapposite, inconsequent, insignificant
Example: Pratibha Patil, whose inconsequential tenure started and ended with the same Congress prime minister in office.

19. Lineage: वंशावली 

Ancestry, family, parentage, birth, pedigree
Example: KR Narayanan had a long Congress lineage.

20. Cavernous: गुफा सा 

Like a cavern in size, shape, or atmosphere
Example: He built museums that displayed the treasure buried in its Tosha Khana and elsewhere in its cavernous chambers.
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