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25 Frequently Asked Questions From Polity

Published on Thursday, November 16, 2017
25 Frequently Asked  Questions From Polity

Question 1. 

Who was the head of state reorganization commission?
Ans: Fazal Ali
  • A three-member States Reorganization Commission under the chairmanship of Fazal Ali was formed in 1953. 
  • Its other two members were K M Panikkar and H N Kunzru. 

Question 2.

Who acts as constitutional advisor for Drafting Committee?
Ans: Sir B N Rau
  • Chairman of drafting committee- Dr BR Ambedkar 

Question 3.

Who was the Viceroy of India at the time of independence?
Ans: Lord Mountbatten

Question 4.

Which Viceroy served as the longest viceroy of India?
Ans: Lord Linglithow

Question 5.

Who served as the first and last governor-general of India after independence?
Ans: C Raja Gopala Chari

Question 6.

Which committee was appointed in 1993 to study creamy layer in OBCs?
Ans: Ramanandan committee

Question 7.

In which year Nation commission for backward classes was appointed?
Ans: 1993

Question 8.

Preamble defines India as

Question 9.

What are the three words added to the constitution by 42nd Constitutional amendment act?
Ans: Socialist, Secular, and Integrity
  • The words Socialist, Secular, and Integrity were not in the original constitution and have been inserted by 42nd amendment act 1976 

Question 10.

Which article of the constitution deals with Right to Education?
Ans: Article-21 A
  • Article 21 A declares that the State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen year 
  • This provision was added by the 86th Constitutional Amendment Act of 2002. 
  • In pursuance of Article 21A, the Parliament enacted the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009. 

Question 11.

What is minimum number of strength fixed for legislative assembly of any state?
Ans: 60
  • As per article 170, the Legislative assembly of each state cannot have number of members more than 500 and less than 60. 
  • However, there are three exceptions to this viz. Sikkim (32), Goa (40) and Mizoram (40). 

Question 12.

How many numbers can governor nominate to legislative assembly from Anglo-Indian community?
Ans: 1
  • The Governor of the state nominates one member of the Anglo Indian Community to the state assembly as per provisions of article 333 

Question 13.

The office of the governor is taken from which constitution?
Ans: Canada

Question 14.

What is the minimum age required to become governor of a state?
Ans: 35

Question 15.

 Governor of state is appointed by
a. CM
b. PM
c. President

Question 16.

Who is the chairman of 21st law commission?
Ans: Balbir Singh Chauhan
  • 21st Law Commission period: 2015-2018 

Question 17.

In which year Union Territory of Delhi was redesignated as the National Capital Territory of Delhi?
Ans: 1992
  • In 1992, the Union Territory of Delhi was redesignated as the National Capital Territory of Delhi (by the 69th Constitutional Amendment Act, 1991. 

Question 18.

Which part of the constitution contains Fundamental rights?
Ans: Part-III
Part-IV: Directive Principles of state policy
Part-IV A: Fundamental duities

Question 19.

Which article of the constitution empowers parliament to create a new state from existing state?
Ans: Article-3
Article 3 authorizes the Parliament to:
(a) form a new state by separation of territory from any state or by uniting two or more states or parts of states or by uniting any territory to a part of any state,
(b) Increase the area of any state,
(c) Diminish the area of any state,
(d) Alter the boundaries of any state, and
(e) Alter the name of any state.
  • Recently based on Article-3 Andhra Pradesh bifurcated into Telangana and Andhra Pradesh 
  • In 1960, state of Bombay was divided into two separate states—Maharashtra for Marathi-speaking people and Gujarat for Gujarati-speaking people 
  • In 1966, the State of Punjab was bifurcated to create Haryana, the 17th state of the Indian Union, and the union territory of Chandigarh 
  • In 1971, the union territory of Himachal Pradesh was elevated to the status of a state 
  • In 2000, three more new States of Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand and Jharkhand were created out of the territories of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar respectively 

Question 20.

How President of India elected?
The President is elected not directly by the people but by members of Electoral College consisting of:
1. The elected members of both the Houses of Parliament;
2. The elected members of the legislative assemblies of the states; and
3. The elected members of the legislative assemblies of the Union Territories of Delhi and Puducherry.

Thus, the nominated members of both of Houses of Parliament, the nominated members of the state legislative assemblies, the members (both elected and nominated) of the state legislative councils (in case of the bicameral legislature) and the nominated members of the Legislative Assemblies of Delhi and Puducherry do not participate in the election of the President 

Question 21.

Which article deals with GST council?
Ans: Article 279-A
  • GST bill provides for constitution of a goods and Services Tax (GST) Council by inserting Article 279A in the Constitution. 
  • The Council will suggest to the Union and States on the inclusion and exclusion of goods and services. 

Question 22.

Which article provides for establishment of common high court for two or more states?
Ans: Article 231 

Question 23.

So far how many times financial emergency declared so far?
Ans: Zero
  • Article 360 of the constitution deals with financial Emergency 

Question 24.

Which is the only state in India to have Uniform Civil Code?
Ans: Goa
  • Article 44 of the constitution deals with Uniform Civil code 

Question 25.

Apart from Delhi, which Union territory has legislative assembly?
Ans: Puducherry

President of India Ramnath Kovind
Vice President of India Venkaih Naidu
Prime minister of India Narendra Modi
Chief Justice of India Justice Deepak Misra
Speaker of LokSabha Sumitra Mahajan
Vice chairman of NITI Aayog Rajiv Kumar
Leader of opposition in Lok Sabha
Leader of opposition in Rajya Sabha
Chairman of UPSC
Chief Election Commissioner of India
Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG)
Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha
Attorney General of India

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