Highlights of Global Democracy Index

Global Democracy Index

Recently, Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) released Global Democracy index. Some of the key points in the report are

  • Name of the Index-Global Democracy Index (GDI)
  • First rank in Global Democracy Index-Norway
  • Rank of India in GDI-42
  • Previous year rank of India-32
  • India’s overall score dropped 0.58 points on the index from 7.81 to 7.23
  • In Global Democracy Index, India is placed in flawed democracies
  • Almost one-half (49.3%) of the world’s population lives in a democracy of some sort, although only 4.5% reside in a “full democracy

How the Rankings are given in Global Democracy Index?

The index ranks 165 independent states and two territories on the basis of five categories:
  • electoral process and pluralism, 
  • civil liberties, 
  • functioning of government, 
  • Political participation and 
  • Political culture. 

The list has been divided into four broad categories—

  • full democracy 
  • flawed democracy, 
  • hybrid regime and 
  • Authoritarian regime. 

Top 10 countries in Global Democracy Index

Name of the country Rank
Norway 1
Iceland 2
Sweden 3
New Zealand 4
Denmark 5
Ireland 6
Canada 7
Australia 8
Finland 9
Switzerland 10

India & Global Democracy Index:

India slips its rank from 32nd to 42nd as per recent Global Democracy index. According to report some of the reasons for fall of Indian rank in Global Democracy Index are:
  • “rise of conservative religious ideologies 
  • increase in vigilantism 
  • Increase in violence against minorities as well as other dissenting voices 
This year’s report which also measured the state of media freedom around the world noted that in India, media is ‘partially free’. India has been ranked 49th with regard to media freedom. “This is one of the main reasons why India’s rankings dropped

India has also become a more dangerous place for journalists, especially the central state of Chhattisgarh and the northern state of Jammu and Kashmir.

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