Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana:
- During 2015-16, Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) was launched with an aim to enhance physical access of water on the farm and expand the cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency, introduce sustainable water conservation practices, etc.
The objectives of the scheme include:
- Achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level (preparation of district level and, if required, sub-district level water use plans);
- Enhance the physical access to water on the farm and expand the cultivable area under assured irrigation (Har Khet Ko Pani);
- Enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (more crop per drop);
- Enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices;
- Promote extension activities relating to water harvesting, water management and crop alignment for farmers and grass root level field functionaries; and
- Attract greater private investments in precision irrigation.
National Water Resources Council:
- The National Water Resources Council (NWRC) was set up in March 1983.
- The Prime Minister is the Chairman.
- Union Minister of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation is the Vice-Chairman of the Council.
Jal Kranti Abhiyan Initiative:
- Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation celebrated Jal Kranti Abhiyan during the year 2015-16 to consolidate water conservation and management in the country through a holistic approach involving all stakeholders, making it a mass movement.
The objectives of Jal Kranti Abhiyan include:
- Strengthening grass root involvement of all stakeholders including Panchayati Raj Institutions and local bodies in the water security and development schemes (e.g. Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM);
- Encouraging the adoption/utilization of traditional knowledge in water resources conservation and its management; and enhancing livelihood security through water security in rural areas.
National Water Mission:
- National Water Mission is one of the missions under NAPCC.
- The main objective of the National Water Mission is “conservation of water, minimizing wastage and ensuring its more equitable distribution both across and within states through integrated water resources development and management”.
The five identified goals of the mission are:
- Comprehensive water database in public domain and assessment of the impact of climate change on the water resource;
- Promotion of citizen and state action for water conservation, augmentation and preservation;
- Focused attention to vulnerable areas including over-exploited areas;
- Increasing water use efficiency by 20 percent, and
- Promotion of basin level integrated water resources management.
National Forum of Water Resources:A National Forum of Water Resources and Irrigation Ministers of States was constituted by Ministry of Water Resources in 2012 with the following terms of reference:
- to deliberate on various reforms needed in the water resources sector from time to time and attempt towards evolving consensus at the national level; and
- to provide the appropriate platform for sharing of ideas and facilitating support to new and innovative ideas and initiatives for better water governance proposed by the central and/or state governments.
- It is a permanent forum of twelve members with the provision that half of its members would retire after every two years and would be replaced by the ministers from states/union territories from similar regions in the country.
- Thus, a member shall have a tenure of four years except for six members from the initial constitution who would have a tenure of only two years.
Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project:
- Dam Rehabilitation and Improvement Project (DRIP) is the World Bank assisted project with the provision of rehabilitation of about 225 large dams in the seven participating states (namely Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, Tamil Nadu and Uttarakhand) along with institutional strengthening component for participating states and Central Water Commission.
- It has become effective from 2012 for implementation over a period of six years.
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