List of Future Missions of ISRO

List of Future Missions of ISRO

Important ISRO’s future projects are:

  1. Aditya-L1 mission 
  2. Chandrayaan-2 
  3. Manned Space Flight Programme 
  4. The Reusable Launch Vehicle 

Aditya-L1 mission:

Aditya-L1 mission is one of the next grand projects of the ISRO. The mission is to the Sun for observing the
  1. Solar corona (with a Coronagraph--a telescope) 
  2. Photosphere 
  3. Chromosphere (Sun’ three main outer layers) and 
  4. Solar wind. 
The project will be launched by 2020 by the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-XL) from Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh.

Key objectives of the mission:

Aditya-L1 satellite has the following objectives:
  1. To study the Sun from an orbit around the Sun-earth Lagrangian point (L-1), this is about 1.5 million km from earth 
  2. To probe why solar flares and solar winds disturb the communication network and electronics on earth. The main aim of studying solar flares is to protect the satellites from being damaged by hot winds and flares ejected out of the corona of the sun. 
  • Initially, the plan was to place the Aditya L1 satellite at a distance of 800 km from the earth, but that has been revised. Now it will be placed 1.5 million km from the earth's surface in a Halo orbit. 
  • The satellite will study the various layers of the sun, including light and magnetic effects. 

Chandrayan-II

  • Chandrayaan-2, India’s second mission to the Moon 
  • It is a totally indigenous mission without Russian tie-up 

Chandrayaan-2 comprises of:

  1. Orbiter 
  2. Lander and 
  3. Rover. 
  • ISRO is planning to launch of Chandrayaan-2 during the first quarter of 2018. 
  • The Orbiter carrying six payloads will orbit around the Moon in 100 km lunar orbit. The payloads will collect scientific information on lunar topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, lunar exosphere and signatures of hydroxyl and water-ice. 

Manned Space Flight Programme (2021)

  • The Indian human Spaceflight programme is a proposal by ISRO. The objective of the program is to develop and launch a two-person crew to low Earth orbit. 
  • It is India’s First Manned Space Mission is being planned in 2021 by the ISRO. 
  • Till now Russia, USA and China are the only countries to have successfully conducted human space flight programmes. ISRO scientists are planning to make India the fourth. 

The Reusable Launch Vehicle

  • Taking baby steps towards developing a reusable launch vehicle capable of sending spacecraft into orbit and returning to the earth’s surface, ISRO has already successfully tested the country’s first winged-body aerospace vehicle. 
  • The technology, when developed completely, would launch spacecraft, including satellites, into space and re-enter the earth’s atmosphere withstanding extreme pressure and heat conditions and land in an intended spot, helping to cut costs on launch vehicles substantially. 

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