Year End Review: Ministry of Space

Year End Review: Ministry of Space

  • Manned mission announced named Gaganyaan which will send manned spacecraft to space by 2022 and thus India will be the fourth country to do this.
  • Launches by ISRO:
    1. PSLV in its 42nd flight launched 710 kg Cartosat-2 series Remote Sensing Satellite from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR, Sriharikota. The 11 kg INS-1C and 100 kg class Microsat were the two Indian co-passenger satellites of Cartosat-2. The 28 international customer satellites belonged to Canada, Finland, Republic of Korea, The USA and UK. 
    2. GSLV successfully launched GSAT-6A satellite into GTO. This was the fifth consecutive success achieved by GSLV carrying indigenously developed Cryogenic Upper Stage. It is a communication satellite built by ISRO to provide mobile communication services through multi beam coverage. For this purpose it is equipped with S and C band transponders. 
    3. PSLV in its 43rd flight launched 1425 kg IRNSS-1I navigation satellite. It is the latest member of Navigation with Indian Constellation (NAVIC) system. It is an independent regional navigation satellite system designed to provide position information in the Indian Region and 1500 km around the Indian mainland. 
    4. PSLV-C42 launched NovaSAR and S1-4 from Satish Dhawan Space Centre SHAR. The satellite belongs to UK based Surrey Satellite Technology Limited. NovaSAR carries S-band Synthetic Aperture Radar and its application includes forestry mapping, land use, ice cover monitoring, flood and disaster monitoring and maritime missions. S1-4 is a high resolution earth observation satellite meant for surveying resources, environment monitoring, urban management and disaster monitoring. 
    5. PSLV-C43 launched 31 satellites from SDSC in Shriharikota. HysIS is earth observation satellite. The mission of the satellite is 5 years. Its primary goal is to study the earth’s surface in both the visible, near infrared and shortwave infrared regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. It had the company of one micro and 29 nano-satellites. 
    6. GSAT-29 launched by the second developmental flight of GSLV MarkIII from SDSC in Shriharikota. GSLV MkIII is a three-stage heavy-lift launch vehicle developed by ISRO. GSAT-29 is a multiband, multibeam communication satellite intended to serve as test bed for several new and critical technologies. Its Ka-band and Ku-band are configured to communication requirements of users including Jammu and Kashmir and North-Eastern regions of India. 
    7. ISRO heaviest and most advanced high throughput communication satellite GSAT-11 was launched from Spaceport in French Guiana. It will act as high throughput for all the future communication satellites. The satellite will provide high data rate connectivity to the users of Indian mainland and islands through 32 user beams in KU-band and 8 hubs in Ka-band. 
    8. GSLV-F11 launched GSAT-7A the heaviest satellite of ISRO from SDSC in Shriharikota. The satellite was launched by indigenously developed cryogenic stage. GSAT-7A is advanced communication satellite with a Gregorian Antenna and many new technologies. 
  • Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved continuation programme of PSLV stage 6 and funding of thirty PSLV operational flights under the programme. 
  • A team of Scientist and engineers of Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmadabad discovered a sub-Saturn or super-Neptune size planet around a sun-like star whose mass is about 27 Earth mass and size of 6 Earth Radii. The planet is known as EPIC211945201b or K2-236b. 
  • ISRO carried out Pad Abort Test successfully to qualify the Crew Escape System required for human spaceflight. 
  • Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) offered to transfer the in house developed Li-ion cell technology to competent Indian Industries on a non-exclusive basis to establish Li-ion cell production facilities in country. The initiative is expected to enable zero emission policy of Indi and accelerate the development of indigenous electric vehicle in the country. 
  • MOU between ISRO and Central University of Jammu to create awareness about space research and to motivate young minds to take research related to space, geology, astronomy, atmospheric sciences and related fields.
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