State of the Education Report for India 2019: Highlights

State of the Education Report for India 2019
  • The State of the Education Report for India 2019 has been prepared by Tata Institute of Social Sciences and commissioned by UNESCO New Delhi. The report highlights the current status of education of children with disabilities in India, efforts undertaken in the country to protect the right to education of children with disabilities (CWD). Other than this, the report provides various recommendations to improve the situation of children with disabilities (CWD) and their education in future.

Population of CWDs

  • The population of children with disabilities in the age group of 0–19 years is 7,864,636. This is 1.7 per cent of the total child population.
  • About one per cent of children in the age group of 0 to 4 (1,291,637), about 1.5 per cent of children in the age group of 5 to 9 (1,418,969) and over two per cent of children in the age group of 10 to 19 (4,617,073) live with disabilities.

Current status of education of children with disabilities in India

  • According to an analysis of the current situation, approximately 7.8 million children aged Under 19 live with disabilities.
  • Three-fourths of the 5-year-old children with disabilities do not go to any educational institution.
  • One-fourth of the children with disabilities between the age group of 5 and 19 do not attend any educational institution.
  • The number of boys with disabilities in school is more than that of girls.
  • The proportion of children with disabilities who are out of school is much higher than the overall proportion of out-of-school children at the national level.

Challenges

  • The Right to Education (RTE) Act 2009 and the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act (RPWD) Act 2016 has started to make a positive impact and have helped to create a legal framework for inclusive education. But even after this, there is a mixed outcome as there is a lack of awareness of legal rights and entitlements of children with disabilities (CWDs).
  • Although the National Council of Teacher Education (NCTE) and the Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI) are preparing teachers for inclusive education of CWDs, there is a need for continued investment and planning to solve various issues and fill the gaps in trained human resources.
  • The attitude of parents and teachers towards CWDs is very important for educating them.
  • There is a need to improve the present data systems require in order to get reliable data.
  • The major challenges in financing the education for CWDs are-Inadequate allocations, delays in releasing funds and underutilization of allocations.

Recommendations by the Report

The report has given 10 recommendations based on its analysis-
  1. Amend Right to Education (RTE) Act 2009 in order to align it with the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act (RPWD) Act 2016.
  2. Establish a coordinating mechanism under the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) to coordinate all education programmes for CWDs at all levels.
  3. To ensure adequate fund allocation for the education of CWDs.
  4. To improve and strengthen the present data systems in order to make them robust, reliable and useful for planning, implementation and monitoring.
  5. Provide school ecosystems with adequate support structures and involve all stakeholders in support of CWDs.
  6. Increase the use of Information Technology for the education of CWDs.
  7. Give chance to every child with a disability and leave no one.
  8. Educate teachers and transform teaching practices in order to provide better education to CWDs.
  9. Overcome stereotypes and build positive dispositions towards children with disabilities, both in the classroom and beyond.
  10. Encourage partnerships involving government, private sector, civil society and local communities to benefit Children with Disabilities.

Quick Facts

Right to Education (RTE) Act 2009-

  • The Right to Education Act (RTE) is an act of the Parliament of India. It was enacted on 4 August 2009.
  • The act describes about the importance to provide free and compulsory education for children between the age of 6 to 14 years in India under Article 21A of the Indian Constitution.

Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act (RPWD) Act 2016-

  • The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016 is an act of the Indian Parliament which replaced Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunity Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.
  • This New Act was brought to bring the law in line with the United National Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD).

UNESCO-

  • Founded on 16 November 1945, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations. It is headquartered in Paris, France.
  • Audrey Azoulay is the present Director-General of UNESCO.
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