Vocabulary From Economic Times: 13 July 2017

Vocabulary From Economic Times: 13 July 2017

1. Grapple: जूझ 

Struggle to deal with or overcome (a difficulty or challenge); tackle, confront, face, get down to
Example: Businesses are grappling with increased mobility, fast-moving innovation, and pressure to be more agile than ever.

2. Agile: फुर्तीला

 Nimble, spry, vivacious, lively, brisk
Example: Businesses are grappling with increased mobility, fast-moving innovation, and pressure to be more agile than ever.

3. Fizz: सनसनाहट 

Sparkle, bubble, froth, foam, seethe, effervesce
Example: So, the fizz in the market cannot be explained by short-term considerations.

4. Spook: भयभीत

 Horrify, bully, frighten, terrify, daunt, intimidate, unnerve
Example: Don’t be spooked if they hit an air pocket.

5. Bolstering: सशक्त

 Support, strengthen, reinforce, make stronger, boost, fortify
Example: The good news bolstering confidence is the ruling party’s overwhelming victory in the Uttar Pradesh polls and the successful roll-out of the goods and services tax.

6. Bumpy: असुविधाजनक

 (of a journey or other movement) Involving sudden jolts and jerks; uncomfortable, rough, bouncy, choppy, jerky, jolting
Example: However, the short-term scenario could be bumpy.

7. Dogged: सख़्त

 Strict, unbleached, hard, severe, stringent, tenacious
Example: Unless the latter is done, the economy will be dogged by social tensions.

8. Prudential: विवेकपूर्ण 

Involving or showing care and forethought, especially in business
Example: Similar prudential action is required in other ageing fronts.

9. Riddle: पहेली

 A question or statement intentionally phrased so as to require ingenuity in ascertaining its answer or meaning; puzzle, conundrum, puzzlement
Example: A riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma.

10. Enigma: पहेली

 A person or thing that is mysterious or difficult to understand; puzzle, conundrum, puzzlement, mystery, riddle
Example: A riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma.

11. Febrile: ज्वर-संबंधी/ उत्तेजना

 Characterized by a great deal of nervous excitement or energy; fevered, hot, burning
Example: The febrile atmosphere of the city.

12. Balkanize: किसी क्षेत्र को छोटे-छोटे विरोधी राज्यों में विभा‍जित करना

 Divide (a region or body) into smaller mutually hostile states or groups
Example: Second, many investors fail to appreciate the extreme price sensitivity and sophistication of the Indian consumer, along with a balkanised market frequently more local than national.

13. Penury: निर्धनता

 The state of being very poor; extreme poverty, poverty, indigence, impecuniosity, narrow circumstances, neediness
Example: One of the first signs of penury is when you start cutting back on ‘unnecessary’ food.

14. Ethos: लोकाचार

 Conduct, ethics, manners, customs, moral, spirit
Example: AI has taken this ethos forward by deciding to do away with non-veg food on its domestic flights in the economy class.

15. Clientele: ग्राहक 

Customer, client, subscriber, underwriter, purchaser
Example: But let’s not forget that it is a service provider, and its clientele should not be punished for its lack of business acumen.

16. Acumen: कुशाग्रता 

Astuteness, awareness, shrewdness, sharpness, cleverness, smartness
Example: But let’s not forget that it is a service provider, and its clientele should not be punished for its lack of business acumen.

17. Woe: संकट 

Problem, tribulation, burden, disaster, catastrophe
Example: Vijaya Mallya’s Kingfisher woes would have been then largely resolved if instead of non-veg meals he had served non non-veg beer to all and sundry.

18. Manifold: विविध

 Diverse, miscellaneous, diversified, different, multifarious, several, many
Example: The reasons put forward by the airline are manifold.

19. Pronto: जल्दी 

Promptly, quickly
Example: If I was part of the AI crew, I would register a complaint pronto.

20. Dyslexia: वाकविकार 

A general term for disorders that involve difficulty in learning to read or interpret words, letters, and other symbols, but that do not affect general intelligence
Example: It seems that crew members either have dyslexia or are illiterate.

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