Complete List of Articles in Indian Constitution


The following article consists of the complete list of Articles in The Constitution of India. This topic is important for SSC, Banking, and another competitive exam.
Indian Constitution has 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules with 5 appendices and 98 amendments. It was architected by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26th November 1949. It came into force on 26th January 1950

PART
ARTICLES
SUBJECT
I 1-4 The Union & its Territory
II 5-11 Citizenship
III
FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS
12 Definition
13 Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights
RIGHT TO EQUALITY
14 Equality before law
15 Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth
16 Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
17 Abolition of untouchability
18 Abolition of Titles
RIGHT TO FREEDOM
19 Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech etc.,
20 Protection in respect of conviction for offences
21 Protection of life & personal liberty
21A Right to Education
22 Protection against arrest & detention in certain areas
RIGHT AGAINST EXPLOITATION
23 Prohibition of traffic in human beings & forced labour
24 Prohibition of employment of children in factories etc.,
RIGHT TO FREEDOM OF RELIGION
25 Freedom of conscience & free profession, practice & propagation of religion
26 Freedom to manage religious affairs
27 Freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any particular religion
28 Freedom as to attendance at religious instruction or religious worship in certain educational institutions
CULTURAL & EDUCATIONAL RIGHTS
29 Protection of interests of minorities
30 Right of minorities to establish & administer educational institutions
SAVING OF CERTAIN LAWS
31A Saving of laws providing for acquisition of estates etc.,
31B Validation of certain Acts & Regulations
31C Saving of laws giving effect to certain directive principles
RIGHT TO CONSTITUTIONAL REMEDIES
32 Remedies for enforcement of rights conferred by this part
33 Power of Parliament to modify the rights conferred by this part in their application to forces etc.,
34 Restriction on rights conferred by this Part while martial law is in force in any area
35 Legislation to give effect to the provisions of this part
IV
DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY
36 Definition
37 Application of the principles contained in this part
38 State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people
39 Certain principles of policy to be followed by the state
39A Equal justice & free legal aid
40 Organization of village Panchayats
41 Right to work, to education & to public assistance in certain areas
42 Provision for just & humane conditions of work & maternity relief
43 Living wage etc., for workers
43A Participation of workers in management of industries
43B The state shall endeavour to promote voluntary formation, autonomous functioning, democratic control & professional management of co-operative societies
44 Uniform civil code for the citizens
45 Provisions for early childhood care & education to children below the age of six
46 Promotion of educational & economic interest of scheduled castes, scheduled tribe & other weaker sections
47 Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition & the standard of living & to improve public health
48 Organization of agriculture & animal husbandry
48A Protection & improvement of environment & safeguarding of forests & wild life
49 Protection of monuments & places & objects of national importance
50 Separation of Judiciary from executive
51 Promotion of international peace & security
IVA 51A FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES
V
THE UNION
CHAPTER-I:- THE EXECUTIVE
52 The President of India
53 Executive power of the union
54 Election of President
55 Method of election of president
56 Term of office of President
57 Eligibility for re-election
58 Qualifications for election as president
59 Conditions of President’s office
60 Oath or affirmation by the President
61 Procedure for impeachment of the President
62 Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of President and the term of office
63 The Vice-President of India
64 The Vice-President to be ex-officio chairman of the council of states
65 The Vice-President to act as President or to discharge his functions during casual vacancies in the office, or during the absence of President
66 Election of Vice-President
67 Term of office of Vice-President
68 Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of Vice-President and the term of office of person elected to fill casual vacancy
69 Oath or affirmation by the Vice-President
70 Discharge of President’s functions in other contingencies
71 Matters relating to, or connected with, election of a President or Vice-President
72 Power of President to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit or commute sentences in certain cases
73 Extent of executive power of the union
74 Council of ministers to aid & advise President
75 Other provisions as to Ministers
76 Attorney General for India
77 Conduct of business of the Government of India
78 Duties of Prime minister as respects the furnishing of information to the President etc.
CHAPTER-II: - PARLIAMENT
79 Constitution of Parliament
80 Composition of the council of states( Rajya Sabha)
81 Composition of the house of the people (Lok Sabha)
82
83 Duration of houses of parliament
84 Qualification for membership of Parliament
85 Sessions of Parliamentt, prorogation & dissolution
86 Right of president to address & send messages to houses
87 Special address by the president
88 Rights of ministers & Attorney general as respects houses
89 The chairman & Deputy Chairman of the council of states
90 Vacation & resignation of, & removal from, the office of Deputy Chairman
91 Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Chairman
92 The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration
93 The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the House of the People
94 Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of and Deputy Speaker
95 Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Speaker
96 The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker not to preside while a resolution from office is under consideration
97 Salaries and allowances of the Chairman and Deputy Chairman and the Speaker and Deputy Speaker
98 Secretariat of Parliament
99 Oath or affirmation by members
100 Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum
101 Vacancy of seats (members)
102 Disqualifications of membership
103 Decision on questions as to disqualifications of members
104 Penalty for sitting and voting before main oath or affirmation under article 99 or when not qualified or when disqualified
105 Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Parliament and of the members and committees thereof
106 Salaries and allowances of members
107 Provisions as to introduction & passing of bills
108 Joint sitting of both houses in certain areas
109 Special procedure in respect of Money Bills
110 Definition of ‘Money Bills’
111 Assent to Bills
112 Annual financial statement (Budget)
113 Procedure in parliament with respect to estimates
114 Appropriation Bills
115 Supplementary, additional or excess grants
116 Votes on account, votes of credit & exceptional grants
117 Special provisions as to financial Bills
118 Rules of procedure
119 Regulation by law of procedure in parliament in relation to financial business
120 Language to be used in Parliament.
121 Restriction on discussion in Parliament
122 Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Parliament
CHAPTER-III:- LEGISLATIVE POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT
123 Power of president to promulgate ordinances during recess of parliament
CHAPTER-IV:- THE UNION JUDICIARY
124 Establishment and Constitution of Supreme Court
125 Salaries etc. of Judges
126 Appointment of acting Chief Justice
127 Appointment of ad hoc judges
128 Attendance of retired Judges at sittings of the Supreme Court
129 Supreme court to be a court of record
130 Seat of supreme court
131 Original jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
131A [Repealed]
132 Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in Appeals from High Courts in certain cases
133 Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court in appeals from High Courts in regard to civil matters
134 Appellate of jurisdiction of Supreme Court in regard to criminal matters
134A Certificate for appeal to the Supreme Court
135 Jurisdiction and powers of the Federal Court under existing law to be exercisable by the Supreme Court
136 Special leave to appeal by the Supreme Court
137 Review of judgments or orders by the Supreme Court
138 Enlargement of the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court
139 Conferment on the Supreme Court of powers to issue certain writs
139A Transfer of certain cases
140 Ancillary powers of Supreme Court
141 Law declared by Supreme Court to be binding on all courts
142 Enforcement of decrees and orders of Supreme Court and orders as to discovery, etc.
143 Power of President to consult Supreme Court
144 Civil and judicial authorities to act in aid of the Supreme Court
144A [Repealed]
145 Rules of Court, etc.
146 Officers & servants & the expenses of the Supreme Court
147 Interpretation
CHAPTER-V:- COMPTROLLER & AUDITOR-GENERAL OF INDIA
148 Comptroller & Auditor-General of India
149 Duties and powers of the Comptroller and Auditor-General
150 Form of accounts of the Union & the states
151 Audit Reports
VI
THE STATES
CHAPTER-I:- GENERAL
152 Definition
CHAPTER-II:- THE EXECUTIVE
153 Governors of state
154 Executive power of state
155 Appointment of Governor
156 Term of office of Governor
157 Qualifications for Appointment as Governor
158 Conditions of Governor's office
159 Oath or affirmation by the Governor
160 Discharge of the functions of the Governor in certain contingencies
161 Power of Governor to grant pardons, etc., and to suspend, remit 161 or commute sentences in certain cases
162 Extent of executive power of State
COUNCIL OF MINISTERS
163 Council of Ministers to aid and advise Governor
164 Other provisions as to Ministers
165 Advocate-General for the state
CONDUCT OF GOVERNMENT BUSINESS
166 Conduct of Business of the Government of a State
167 Duties of Chief Minister as respects furnishing of information to Governor, etc.
CHAPTER-III:- THE STATE LEGISLATURE
168 Constitution of Legislatures in States
169 Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in States
170 Composition of the Legislative Assemblies
171 Composition of the Legislative Councils
172 Duration of State Legislatures
173 Qualification for membership of the State Legislature
174 Sessions of the State Legislature prorogation and dissolution
175 Right of Governor to address and send messages to the House or Houses
176 Special address by the Governor
177 Rights of Ministers and Advocate-General as respects the Houses
OFFICERS OF THE STATE LEGISLATURE
178 The speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly
179 Vacation and resignation of and removal from the offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker
180 Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the office of or to act as, Speaker
181 The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration
182 The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council
183 Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Chairman and Deputy Chairman
184 Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Chairman
185 The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration
186 Salaries and allowances of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker and the Chairman and Deputy Chairman
187 Secretariat of State Legislature
188 Oath or affirmation by members
189 Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum
DISQUALIFICATION OF MEMBERS
190 Vacation of Seats
191 Disqualification of membership
192 Decision on question as to disqualifications of members
193 Penalty for sitting and voting before maing oath or affirmation under article 188 or when not qualified or when disqualified
194 Powers, privileges, etc., of the Houses of Legislatures and of the members and committees thereof
195 Salaries and allowances of members
LEGISLATIVE PROCEDURES
196 Provisions as to introduction and passing of Bills
197 Restriction on powers of Legislative Council as to Bills other than Money Bills
198 Special procedure in respect of Money Bills
199 Definition of ‘Money Bills’
200 Assent to Bills
201 Bills reserved for consideration
PROCEDURE IN FINANCIAL MATTERS
202 Annual Financial Statement
203 Procedure in Legislature with respect to estimates
204 Appropriation Bills
205 Supplementary, additional or excess grants
206 Votes on account, votes of credit and exceptional grants
207 Special provisions as to financial Bills
PROCEDURE GENERALLY
208 Rules of procedure
209 Regulation by law procedure in the Legislature of the State in relation to
210 Language to be used in the Legislature
211 Restriction on discussion in the Legislature
212 Courts not to inquire into proceedings of the Legislature
CHAPTER –IV: - LEGISLATIVE POWER OF THE GOVERNOR
213 Power of Governor to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature
CHAPTER-V:- THE HIGH COURTS IN THE STATE
214 High courts for states
215 High courts to be courts of record
216 Constitution of High courts
217 Appointment and condition of the office of a Judge of a High Court
218 Application of certain provisions relating to Supreme Court to High Courts
219 Oath or affirmation by Judges of High Courts
220 Restriction on practice after being a permanent Judge
221 Salaries, etc., of Judges
222 Transfer of a Judge from one High Court to another
223 Appointment of acting Chief Justice
224 Appointment of additional and acting Judges
224A Appointment of retired Judges at sittings of High Courts
225 Jurisdiction of existing High Courts
226 Power of High Courts to issue certain writs
226A [Repealed]
227 Power of superintendence over all courts by the High Court
228 Transfer of certain cases to High Court
228A [Repealed]
229 Officers and servants and the expenses of High Courts
230 Extension jurisdiction of High Courts to Union territories
231 Establishment of a common High Court for two or more States
CHAPTER-VI: - SUBORDINATE COURTS
233 Appointment of District judges
233A Validation of appointments of, and judgments, etc., delivered by, certain district judges
234 Recruitment of persons other than district judges to the judicial service
235 Control over subordinate courts
236 Interpretation
237 Application of the provisions of this Chapter to certain class or classes of magistrates
VIII THE UNION TERRITORY
239 Administration of Union territories
239A Creation of local Legislatures or Council of Ministers or both for certain Union territories
239AA Special provisions with respect to Delhi
239AB Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery
239B Power of administrator to promulgate Ordinances during recess of Legislature
240 Power of President to make regulation for certain Union territories
241 High Courts for Union territories
242 [Repealed]
IX 243 to 243-O THE PANCHAYATS
IXA 243-P to 243-ZG THE MUNICIPALITIES
IXB 243-ZH to 243-ZT THE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES
X THE SCHEDULED & TRIBAL AREAS
244 Administration of Scheduled Areas and Tribal Areas
244A Formation of an autonomous State comprising certain tribal areas in Assam and creation of local Legislation or Council of Ministers or both therefor
XI RELATIONS BETWEEN THE UNION & THE STATES
CHAPTER-I: - LEGISLATIVE RELATIONS
245 Extent of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States
246 Subject-matter of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States
247 Power of Parliament to provide for the establishment of certain additional courts
248 Residuary power of legislation
249 Power of parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the State List in the national interest
250 Power of Parliament with respect to any matter in the State List if a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation
251 Inconsistency between laws made by parliament under articles 249 and 250 and laws made by the Legislatures of States
252 Power of Parliament to legislate for two or more States by consent and adoption of such legislation by any other State
253 Legislation for giving effect to international agreements
254 Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament and laws made by the Legislatures of States
255 Requirements as to recommendations & previous sanctions to be regarded as matters of procedure only
CHAPTER-II:- ADMINISTRATIVE RELATIONS
256 Obligation of states & the Union
257 Control of the Union over states in certain areas
257A [Repealed]
258 Power of the Union to confer powers, etc., on States in certain cases
258A Power of the States to entrust functions to the Union
259 [Repealed]
260 Jurisdiction of the Union in relation to territories outside India
261 Public acts, records and judicial proceedings
262 Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter-State rivers or river valleys
263 Provisions with respect to an inter-State Council
XII FINANCE, PROPERTY, CONTRACTS & SUITS
264 to 267 General
268 to 281 Distribution of Revenues b/w the union & the states
282 to 291 Miscellaneous Financial provisions
292 Borrowing by the government of India
293 Borrowing by states
294 Succession to property, assets, rights, liabilities and obligations in certain cases
295 Succession to property, assets, rights, liabilities and obligations in other cases
296 Property accruing by escheat or lapse or as bona vacantia
297 Things of value within territorial waters or continental shelf and resources of the exclusive economic zone to vest in the Union
298 Power to carry on trade, etc.
299 Contracts
300 Suits & proceedings
300A RIGHT TO PROPERTY-Persons not be deprived of property save by authority of law
XIII TRADE, COMMERCE & INTERCOURSE WITHIN INDIA
301 Freedom of trade commerce and intercourse
302 Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce and intercourse
303 Restrictions on the legislative powers of the Union and of the States with regard to trade and commerce
304 Restriction on trade, commerce and intercourse among States
305 Saving of existing laws and laws providing for State monopolies
306 [Repealed]
307 Appointment of authority for carrying out the purposes of articles 301 to 304
XIV < SERVICES UNDER THE UNION & THE STATES
CHAPTER-I:- SERVICES
308 Interpretation
309 Recruitment and conditions of service of persons serving the Union or a State
310 Tenure of office of persons serving the Union or a State
311 Dismissal, removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in civil capacities under the Union or a State
312 All India services
312A Power of Parliament to vary or revoke conditions of services of officers of certain services
313 Transitional provisions
314 [Repealed]
CHAPTER-II:- PUBLIC SERVICE COMMISSIONS
315 Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the States
316 Appointment and term of office of members
317 Removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission
318 Power to make regulations as to conditions of service of members and staff of the Commission
319 Prohibition as to the holding of offices by members of Commission on ceasing to be such members
320 Functions of Public Service Commission
321 Power to extend functions of Public Service Commissions
322 Expenses of Public Service Commissions
323 Reports of Public Service Commissions
XIVA
TRIBUNALS
323A Administrative Tribunals
323B Tribunals for other matters
XV
ELECTIONS
324 Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission
325 No person to be ineligible for inclusion in, or to claim to be included in a special, electoral roll on grounds of religion, race, caste or sex
326 Elections to the House of the People and to the Legislative Assemblies of States to be on the basis of adult suffrage
327 Power of Parliament to make provision with respect to elections to Legislatures
328 Power of Legislature of a State to make provision with respect to elections to such Legislature
329 Bar to interference by courts in electoral matters
329A [Repealed]
XVI
SPECIAL PROVISIONS FOR CERTAIN CLASSES
330 Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the House of the People
331 Representation of the Anglo-Indian community in the House of the People
332 Reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Legislative Assemblies of the States
333 Representation of the Anglo-Indian community in the Legislative Assemblies of the States
334 Reservation of seats and special representation to cease after [fifty years]
335 Claims of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes to services and posts
336 Special provision for Anglo-Indian community in certain services
337 Special provision with respect to educational grants for the benefit of Anglo-Indian community
338 National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
339 Control of the Union over the Administration of Scheduled Areas and the welfare of Scheduled Tribes
340 Appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes
341 Scheduled Castes
342 Scheduled Tribes
XVII OFFICIAL LANGUAGES
CHAPTER-I: - LANGUAGE OF THE UNION
343 Official language of the union
344 Commission & committee of Parliament on official language
CHAPTER-II:- REGIONAL LANGUAGES
345 Official language or languages of a state
346 Official language for communication between one State and another or between a State and the Union
347 Special provision relating to language spoken by a section of the population of State
CHAPTER-III:-LANGUAGE OF THE SUPREME COURT, HIGH COURTS ETC.
348 Language to be used in the supreme Court and in the High Courts and for Acts, Bills, etc.
349 Special procedure for enactment of certain laws relating to language
CHAPTER-IV:- SPECIAL DIRECTIVES
350 Language to be used in representations for redress of grievances
350A Facilities for instruction in mother-tongue at primary stage
350B Special Officer for linguistic minorities
351 Directive for development of the Hindi language
XVIII EMERGENCY PROVISIONS
352 Proclamation of Emergency
353 Effect of proclamation of Emergency
354 Application of provisions relating to distribution of revenues while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation
355 Duty of the Union to protect States against external aggression and internal disturbance
356 Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in States
357 Exercise of legislative powers under Proclamation issued under article 356
358 Suspension of provisions of article 19 during emergencies
359 Suspension of the enforcement of the rights conferred by Part III during emergencies
359A [Repealed]
360 Provisions as to financial emergency
XIX MISCELLANEOUS
361 Protection of President and Governors and Rajpramukhs
361A Protection of publication and Proceedings of parliament and State legislatures
362 [Repealed]
363 Bar to interference by courts in disputes arising out of certain treaties, agreements, etc.
363A Recognition granted to Rulers of Indian States to cease and privy purses to be abolished
364 Special provisions as to major ports and aerodromes
365 Effect of failure to comply with, or to give effect to directions given by the union
366 Definition
367 Interpretation
XX 368 AMENDMENT OF THE CONSTITUTION
XXI TEMPORARY, TRANSITIONAL & SPECIAL PROVISIONS
369 Temporary power to Parliament to make laws with respect to certain matters in the State List as if they were matters in the Concurrent List
370 Temporary provisions with respect to the State of Jammu and Kashmir
371 Special provision with respect to the States of Maharashtra and Gujarat
371A Special provision with respect to the State of Nagaland
371B Special provision with respect to the State of Assam
371C Special provision with respect to the State of Manipur
371D Special provisions with respect to the State of Andhra Pradesh
371E Establishment of Central University in Andhra Pradesh
371F Special provisions with respect to the State of Sikkim
371G Special provision with respect to the State of Mizoram
371H Special provision with respect to the State of Arunachal Pradesh
371I Special provision with respect to the State of Goa
372 Continuance in force of existing laws and their adaptation
372A Power of the President to adapt laws
373 Power of President to make order in respect of persons under preventive detention in certain cases
374 Provisions as to Judges of the Federal Court and proceedings pending in the Federal Court or before His Majesty in Council
375 Courts, authorities and officers to continue to function subject to the provisions of the Constitution
376 Provisions as to Judges of High Courts
377 Provisions as to Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
378 Provisions as to Public Service Commissions
378A Special provision as to duration of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly
379 to 391 [Repealed]
392 Power of the president to remove difficulties
XXII SHORT TITLE, COMMENCEMENT, AUTHORITATIVE TEXT IN HINDI & REPEALS
393 Short Title
394 Commencement
394A Authoritative text in the Hindi language
395 Repeals

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