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115 Important Questions for Banking Awareness (Polity)

Published on Thursday, November 05, 2015
Important Banking Awareness question with special reference to Indian Polity.

1.      Government of India Act 1858 was called first Magna Carta for India.
2.      Government of India Act 1935 suggested by Simon Commission report(1927 Simon Commission established )
3.      75% part of Indian constitution taken from the Government of India Act 1935.
4.      Cabinet Mission Plan 1946 first time define establishment of Constituent Council(Founded on 9th Dec 1946).
5.      24th August 1946 first time Interim Government established.
6.      Sachidanand Sinha was the temporary chairman and Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the permanent chairman of constituent council.
7.      Chairman Rules of Procedure Committee - Rajendra Prasad.
8.      Chairman Drafting Committee B.R. Ambedkar
9.      Chairman States Committee - Jawaharlal Nehru
10.  Chairman Union Powers Committee - Jawaharlal Nehru
11.  Chairman Union Constitution Committee - Jawaharlal Nehru
12.  Following are the borrowed features of constitution from different countries.
13.  The constitution of India describe India as A Union of  States.
14.  Secularism & Socialism inserted in the preamble of our constitution in the 42nd amendment(1976 PM Indira Gandhi). There is only one amendment in the preamble of Indian constitution to till date.
15.  Article 14 define Right to Equality for Law(Borrowed from Britain).
16.  Article 17 define Abolish Untouchability.
17.  Article 19 define Freedom of Speech or Press Freedom.
18.  Press Freedom Ranking of India is 136 in the world out of 180 countries.
19.  Article 21.A define Right to Free & Compulsory education for 6 to 14 year child provided by state.
20.  Article 18 define Abolition of Titles.
21.  Article 29 define Protection of interests of minorities(Except Hindu all religion belongs to minority, In 2014 Jain also entered in minority community)
22.  Article 30 define Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
23.  Preamble of Indian constitution written by Jawhar Lal Nehru.
24.  Article 36 to 51 related with Directive Principles of State Policy.
25.  Article 40 define structure of Gram Panchayat(Panchayati Raaj).
26.  Article 51.A define Fundamental Duties borrowed from Russia inserted in 51.A by the 42nd amendment suggested by Swarna Singh Committee(1976 PM Indira Gandhi) .
27.  42nd amendment is also called “Mini Constitution” or “ Indira Contitution”.
28.  Article 52 define President of India.(Minimum Age 35)
29.  Members of Loksabha, Rajyasabha and Vidhan Sabha(Legislative Council) participating in the election of president by Article 54.
30.  Article 60 Oath or affirmation of the President by the Chief Justice of India or in his absence, the senior most Judge of the Supreme Court available.
31.  The President of India give resignation to the Vice President of India.
32.  President of India give resignation to the Vice President of India .
33.  Vice President of India is the chairman of Rajyasabha but he is not a member of Rajyasabha.
34.  Parliament is the collection of Loksabha,Rajyasabha & President of India(By Article 79).
35.  On 15th Aug 1947 there were total 18 ministries but on 13 Sept 2006 number of ministries increases to 55.
36.  91st amendment total number of ministers(including PM) in the Loksabha is not greater than 15% seats of Loksabha.
37.  Maximum number of ministries in the Loksabha as well as in Vidhan Sabha(Legislative Council) is the 10% of the total seats(545 of 10%=55).
38.  Article 76 define Attorney General Of India(AGI) appointed by President of India.
39.  AGI is the constitutional advisor of central government.
40.  Mukul Rohtagi is the presently AGI of India.
41.  AGI can seated in both houses (Loksabha & Rajyasabha) but cannot give the vote in the voting (By Article 88).
42.  Article 80 define Rajyasabha,
43.  Minimum age for Rajyasabha candidate 35 years,
44.  Rajyasabha is a stable house can’t dissolved.
45.  Total no of seats in Rajyasabha is 250 in which 238 members are elected & 12 members are nominated by President of India from arts, culture & sports sreas. 
46.  Time period of Rajyasabha member is 6 years.
47.  Vice president of India is always chairman of Rajyasabha.
48.  Presently Chairman Rajyasabha Hamid Ansari & Vice Chairman P J Kurien.
49.  Maximum no of members in Loksabha will be 552 but in this time there are total 545 members in Loksabha in which 543 members are elected by election & 2 members are nominated by president of India from Anglo Indian community.
50.  First Loksabha established on 17 Apr 1952 & First meeting organized on 13 May 1952.
51.  Shri Ganesh Vasudev Mavalankar was the first speaker of Loksabha.
52.  Presently Sumitra Mahajan(BJP) is the speaker of Loksabha & M Thambidurai(AIADMK) is the deputy speaker of Loksabha.
53.  Meera Kumar was the first leady speaker of Loksabha.
54.  Article 330 define SC/ST seat reservation in Loksabha.
55.  Article 331 define Anglo Indian seat reservation in Loksabha.
56.  In the Loksabha 79 seats are reserved for SC candidate , 41 seats are reserved for ST candidate & 2 seats are reserved for Anglo Indian candidate.
57.  By Article 85 President of India dissolve Loksabha.
58.  Committee on Estimates is a Loksabha committee which contains 30 members of Loksabha(Rajyasabha members are not included).
59.  Committee of Public Account is a Loksabha committee which contains 15 members of Loksabha & 7 members of Rajyasabha(Total 22 members,This committee guided by CAG).
60.  Committee of Public Account is called Twin Sister of Committee of Estimates.
61.  Committee of Public Undertaking contain total 22 members 15 from Loksabha & 7 from Rajyasabha.( This committee is responsible for financial calculation of Damodar Valley Corporation,IFC,IDBI,Air India,Indian Airlince,LIC &FCI).
62.   Zero Hour the time immediately following the Question Hour has come to be known as Zero Hour. It starts at around 12 noon (hence the name)  Speaker, raise issues of importance during this time.
63.  Article 110 define Money Bill always initiated from Loksabha. Only the Speaker of Loksabha decides whether a Bill is Money Bill or not.
64.  President of India first ordered pass the Money Bill.
65.  If Rajyasabha retain the Money Bill for 14 days it is assumed that it had passed by Rajyasabha(Rajyasabha can’t reject Money Bill only accept the Money Bill suggestions are permissible).
66.  By Money Bill GOI taken money from Consolidated Fund of India.
67.  Article 280 define Finance Commission established by the President of India after every 5 years.
68.  Finance commission submitted its report to the president of India.
69.  First finance commission established in 1952-57 K C Niyogi was the chairman, This is the time period of 14th finance commission 2015-2020 Y  V Rrady is the chairman.
70.  Finance commission(Art 280),Election Commission((Art 324),UPSC(Art 315),Inter State Council(Art 263),Administrative Tribunals(Art 323 by 42nd Amendment) & Comptroller and Audit General of India(Art 148) are constituent bodies.
71.  Planning Commission(Established 15th Mar 1950), National Development Council(Established 6th Aug 1952), Armed Force Tribunal(Established 15 Jun 2008) are not constituent bodies. 
72.  Article 40 and Article 243 are related with Panchayatiraj.
73.  Balwant Rai Mehta committee established in 1957, submitted report in 1959. It define Rural Local Government(Panchayatiraj) having three stages Gram Panchayat,Panchayat Samiti & Zila Parisad and Urban Local Government having one stage either Municipal Corporation or Nagar Nigam.
74.  On 2nd Oct 1959 first time Panchayatiraj established in Nagaur District of Rajasthan.
75.  Panchayatiraj established in AP (In 1959),Assam,Tamilnadu,Karnatka(In 1960),Maharastra(In 1962),Gujrat(In 1963),WB(In 1964).
76.  Ashok Mehta Committee established in 1977 related with Panchayatiraj.
77.  Balwant Rai Mehta, Ashok Mehta, P V Rao, L M Sindhvi & P K Thungan committee related with Panchayatiraj or DECENTRALIZATION of powers.
78.  By 73rd amendment in 1993 Rural Local Government(Panchayatiraj) becomes established and inserted in Article 243 as well as in 11th Schedule.
79.  By 74th amendment in 1993 Urban Local Government(Municipal Corporation) becomes established and inserted in Article 243 as well as in 12th Schedule.
80.  Article 352 define National Emergency declared on the external war or internal disturbance(Applied on 1962 Indo-China War,1971 Indo-Pak war, In 1975-76 declared by Indira Gandhi).
81.  Article 356 define President Rule in Central as well as in State(Maximum 19 times applied in Kerla).
82.  Article 360 define Financial Emergency must approved by Parliament not applied till now in India.
83.   Article 368 define Amendment in the constitution.
84.  Article 343 define our national language is Hindi also available in 8th schedule.
85.  Article 344 define regional languages initially in 1950 there are 14 regional languages in article 344 but after three amendment in this time there are 22 regional languages in article 344.
86.  By 21st Amendment in 1967 Sindhi, By 71st Amendment in 1992 Nepali,Konkani,Manipuri, By 92nd  Amendment in 2003 Bodo,Dongari,Maithli,Santhali languages included in the 8th schedule.
87.  Article 370 of the Indian constitution is a law that grants special autonomous status to Jammu and Kashmir. Part XXI
88.  By Article 32 Supreme Court of India, By Article 226 High Court issued Writs for the enforcement of any Fundamental Rights. No other court issued writ.
89.   The playing time of National Anthem is 52 seconds.
90.  Governor is the communication link between State Government & President, PM is the link between President & Ministry of Councils.
91.  Chief justice & All justice of Supreme Court & High Court appointed by President of India.
92.  President of India provide oath to Chief Justice & all other Justice of Supreme Court(Maximum age of Chief Justice & all other Justice 65years).
93.  Governor of state provide oath to Justice of High Court(Maximum age high court chief justice & justice 62years).
94.  Chief Justice & all Justice of Supreme Court as well as High Court give his/her resignation to the President of India.
95.  Judges of District court & sub court appointed Governor of State.
96.  There are total 24 High Courts in India.
97.  There are total 31 Justice including Chief Justice in the Supreme Court.
98.  There are 97 subjects in Union List,61 subjects in State List & 47 subjects in concurrent list.
99.  By 44th Amendment in 1979 Right to Property becomes erased(ended PM Morar Ji Desai).
100.                Article 32 fundamental right to constitutional remedies is known as “Heart & Soul of Indian Constitution” suggested by B R Ambedkar.
101.                Article 108 define joint meeting of Loksabha & Rajyasabha ordered by the President of India & conducted by the Speaker of Loksabha.
102.                Sarkaria Commission concerned with Central- State Relations set up in Jun 1983.
103.                Supreme court issued the writ related with article 32 Habeas Corpus means You may have the body,Mandamus means We Command or Perform a function that it was not performing, Certiorari means To certified, Prohibition means Stay Order.
104.                IPC 66A Information Technology Act has similar provisions under which persons posting offensive content online could still be arrested(Indian Penal code came into oeration in 1862 & High Court of Calcutta, Bombay, Madras also established in 1862).
105.                Article 169 define Legislative council available in 7 states J&K,UP,Bihar,Maharastra,Karnatka,AP,Telangana.
106.                Article 170 define Legislative Assembly, By article 332 SC/ST seats reservation in Legislative Assembly, By Article 333 Anglo Indian Seat reservation in Legislative Assembly.
107.                Parlimentry System, Minster of Council, Loksabha & Loksabha Speaker concept borrowed from Britain(UK).
108.                Written Constitution,Vice- President as the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha, Fundamental Rights ,Supreme Court ,Provision of States Independence of Judiciary and judicial review, Removal of Supreme court and High court Judges by Impeachment borrowed from USA.
109.                Fundamental Duties taken from USSR(Russia).It is notated Five year plan also taken from Russia but it is not constituent body it is passed by parliament act.
110.                Concurrent List & Language of Preamble taken from Australia.
111.                Emergancy(Art 352,356,360) taken from Germany.
112.                Directive Principles of States Policy taken from Ireland(Ireland borrowed it from SPAIN).
113.                By 61st amendment in 1989 Age of voting reduces from 21years to 18 years.(PM V P Singh)
114.                By 52nd amendment in 1985 Anti Defection Law also inserted in 10th Schedule(Dal Badal Kanoon,PM Rajiv Gandhi).
115.                Bihar ,Rajasthan,Maharastra,AP,HImachal,Punjab,Tamilnadu, Gujrat having three stage of Panchayatiraj but only in West Bengal having Four Stage of Panchayatiraj

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