Rural Development Schemes in India 2019

Schemes of Rural India........Highlights

Recent Development

  • The government is aiming to double the farmers’ income by 2022. 
  • Minimum Support Price (MSP) for all kharif crops has been increased by 1.5 times of their production cost, similar to the majority of rabi crops. 
  • Institutional credit to the agriculture sector is targeted at Rs 11 lakh crore for 2018-19, compared to Rs 10 lakh crore for 2017-18. 
  • A Fisheries and Aquaculture Infrastructure Development Fund (FAIDF) and an Animal Husbandry Infrastructure Development Fund (AHIDF) will be started with a total corpus of Rs 10,000 crore. 
  • An Agri-Market Infrastructure Fund will be started with a corpus of Rs 2,000 crore. 
  • A restructured National Bamboo Mission will be launched with a total outlay of Rs 1,290 crore. 
  • Allocation for the National Rural Livelihood Mission has increased to Rs 5,750 crore for the year 2018-19. 
  • Budgeted expenditure on health, education and social protection for 2018-19 are Rs 1.38 lakh crore which is expected to increase by Rs 15,000 crore after additional allocations during the year. 
  • A new initiative named ‘Revitalising Infrastructure and Systems in Education (RISE) by 2022’ will be launched with an investment of Rs 1 lakh crore over the next four years. 
  • A total of Rs 1,200 crore is allocated for Health and Wellness Centres under the National Health Policy. 
  • National Health Protection Scheme which will cover over 10 million poor families with a coverage of up to Rs 5 lakh will be launched. This will be the world’s largest government-funded health care programme. 
  • A total of 24 new government medical colleges and hospitals will be set up. 
  • 500,000 Wi-Fi hotspots will be set up by the government to provide internet connectivity to over 5 million rural citizens. 
  • The Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) sector in rural and semi-urban India is estimated to cross US$ 100 billion by 2025. Rural FMCG market accounts for 40 per cent of the total FMCG market in India, in terms of revenue. 
  • India's unemployment rate has declined as a result of the Government's increased focus towards rural jobs and the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA). 
  • The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) plans to provide around 200,000 point-of-sale (PoS) machines in 100,000 villages and distribute RuPay cards to over 34 million farmers across India, to enable farmers to undertake cashless transactions. 
  • The Government of India has approved the proposal to construct 10 million houses for the rural population, which will require an investment outlay of Rs 81,975 crore for the period from 1 April 2016 to 31 March 2019. 
  • The Government of India aims to provide tap water regularly to every household by 2030 in collaboration with United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, which requires a funding of Rs 23,000 crore each year until the target is met. 
  • A report by McKinsey Global Institute forecasts the annual real income per household in rural India to rise to 3.6 per cent 2025, from 2.8 per cent in the last 20 years. 
  • In 2018, the government launched a National Health Protection Scheme called Ayushman Bharat, which aims to assist approximately 100 million people residing in underprivileged communities. 
  • India ranks 145th out of 195 countries regarding the quality and accessibility of healthcare, based on the Global Burden of Disease study published in 2018. 
  • According to the Economic Survey, the number of people who engage in open defecation has declined to 250 million in 2018 from 550 million in 2014. The decrease has been credited to the Swachch Bharat Mission, a sanitation program introduced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. 
For uplifting the rural sector of our country, the Government of India in coordination with the Department of Rural Development and the Department of Land Resources have been carrying forward various schemes.

Some important rural development schemes are mentioned below. 

1. Deen Dayal Upadhyay Grameen Kaushal Yojna:

  • It was launched by GOI on 25 September 2014 by on the occasion of 98th birth anniversary of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya. This is a placement linked skill development scheme for rural poor youth and aims to target youth under the age group of 15–35 years. An amount of Rs 1500 crores has been provided for the scheme which will help in enhancing employability. The yojana is present in 21 States and Union Territories across 568 districts and 6215 blocks changing the lives of youth. Around 690 projects are being implemented by 300 partners. As per the government reports, over 2.7 lakh candidates have been trained till now and nearly 1.34 lakh candidates have been placed in jobs. 

2. Roshni: Skill Development Scheme for Tribals:

  • It was launched by GoI under the Ministry of Rural Development on 7 June 2013 to offer employment to tribal youth in 24 Naxal -affected districts. The scheme Roshni is aimed to provide training and employment to an anticipated 50,000 youth in the age group of 10-35 years, for a period of three years. As per the Ministry, 50 per cent of the beneficiaries of the scheme will be women only. 

3. Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojna:

  • This programme was launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the birth anniversary of Lok Nayak Jai Prakash Narayan on 11 October 2014 under the Ministry of Rural Development.Under this programme each Member of Parliament will take the responsibility for developing physical and institutional infrastructure in three villages and look after the personal, human, social, environmental and economic development of the villages by 2019. 

4. National Rural Livelihood Mission:

  • Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana which is redesigned as National Rural Livelihood Mission was launched in 2011. Also known as Ajeevika, the scheme was aided by World Bank and aimed at creating efficient and also effective institutional platforms for poor people. Aajeevika is aimed to empower the women’s self-help group model across the country. Under this scheme govt. provides loan up to 3 lakh rupee at the rate of 7% which could be lowered to 4% on the timely repayment. 

5. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS):

  • National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005, was launched on the 2nd Feb.2006. Now, renamed as the "Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act" or, MGNREGA. This scheme is an Indian labour law and social security measure that aims to provide ‘right to work' to the people falling Below Poverty Line. It guarantees 100 days employment in a year to the village people. Fifty percent are reserved for women. Its 90% funding is borne by the central government and 10% by the state government. 

6. Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna:

  • Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojna was launched on the December 25, 2000, by the Ministry of Rural Development. Initially, it was 100% centrally funded scheme, but after the recommendation of 14th finance commission report the expenditure is now be shared by the centre and state at ratio of 60:40. The main aim of this scheme was to provide road connectivity to the rural areas whose population is more than 500 persons and in hilly areas it is 250 persons. Nearly 82% of roads have been built till December 2017 which have successfully connected several rural areas to cities. Remaining 47,000 habitations will also get connected by all-weather roads by March 2019.

7. Training to Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM)

  • Training to Rural Youth for Self Employment (TRYSEM) is a centrally sponsored programme started on August 15, 1979. The main target of this scheme was to provide technical and business expertise to rural people living Below Poverty Line(BPL) in the age group of 18-35. Later on, this programme was merged with the Swarn Jayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojna on April 1, 1999. 

8. Antyodaya Anna Yojna (AAY):

  • The scheme was launched by the Former Prime Minister of India, Late Atal Bihari Bajpayi on the 25 December 2000. The main objective of the scheme was to provide food grains to around 2 crore Below Poverty Line (BPL) families at a very subsidized rate. Under this scheme, total 35 kgs of food grains is provided to a family. Rice is provided at the rate of Rs. 3/kg and wheat at 2 Rs.2/kg. 

9. Village Grain Bank Scheme:

  • This scheme was implemented by the department of food and public distribution with the objective of providing protection against the starvation during the period of natural calamity or during lean season when households do not have sufficient resources to purchase rations. Under this scheme needy people will be able to borrow food grains from the village grain bank and return it when they have abundant food. 

10. Aam Aadmi Bima Yojna:

  • It is a social security scheme for rural households launched on october 2, 2007. Under this scheme one member of the family is covered with a premium of Rs. 200 per person per annum which is shared by the state and central government. Also, the insured person need not to pay any premium if his/her age is between the 18 years to 59 year. 

11. National Rural Health Mission:

  • The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM), now initiated under National Health Mission on 12 April, 2005 is a Central government's Mission which aims to provide accessible, affordable and accountable quality health services even to the poorest households of the rural areas. It is important to note that Accredited social health activists (ASHA) scheme is also operational under this scheme.It is run by the Ministry of health and family welfare. 

12. Sarva Siksha Abhiyan:

  • SSA has been operational since 2000-2001 with the main aim to make free and compulsory education to children between the age group of 6 to 14 years, a fundamental right under "Right to education" related to the 86th Amendment to the Constitution of India. This programme was pioneered by former Indian Prime Minister Late Atal Bihari Vajpayee. Currently, its expenditure is shared by the centre and state into 50: 50 ratios. 

13. Provision of Urban Amenities In Rural Areas (PURA)

  • PURA is a strategy for Rural Development in India, proposed by former President APJ Abdul Kalam in his book Target 3 billion. PURA focusses on providing urban infrastructure and services in rural areas. As this will prevent migration of people from the rural areas to urban areas. The Central Government has been running PURA programs in various states since 2004. 

14. Pradhan Mantri Awaas Yojana (Gramin)/ Indira Awas Yojana

  • Indira Awas Yojana revamped as Pradhan Mantri Gramin Awaas Yojana in 2016 is a welfare programme created by the Indian Government to provide housing to rural poor people in India. The goal of this scheme is to provide home to all citizens till 2022. The cost of constructing the houses will be shared by the centre and the state. The scheme has been implemented in rural areas throughout India, except in Delhi and Chandigarh. Houses developed under this scheme will have basic amenities such as toilet, electricity connection, drinking water connection, LPG connection etc. The alloted houses will be jointly under the name of husband and wife.

15. Prime Minister Arogya Yojana (PMAY G)

  • PMAY-G was launched by the Hon'ble PM Narendra Modi on 20th November with the objective of acheiving " Housing For All by 2022" that aims to provide a pucca house, with all basic amenities, to all those houseless householders living in kutcha and dilapidated house, by 2022. The immediate object of the scheme is to acheive the objective of providing 1 crore houses in three years from 2016-17 to 2018- 19, combined with basic amenities of piped drinking water, electricity connection, LPG gas connection etc. In order to ensure the objectivity and verifiability of the scheme, efforts have been made to ensure that assistance is targeted at those who are genuinely deprived. Thus, instead of selecting a beneficiary from among the BPL households PMGAY-G selects beneficiary using housing deprivation parameters in the Socio Economic and Caste Census (SECC), 2011 which is to be verified by the Gram Sabhas. Also, for better quality of construction, Nation Technical Support Agency (NTSA) have been set up at the national level. Moreover, one of the major constraints in quality house construction is the lack of the sufficient number of skilled masons. To overcome this, a pan-India training and certification programme of Masons has been launched in the States/UTs.

16. Pradhan Mantri Grameen Sadak Yojana (PMGSY)

The Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY), was launched by the Govt. of India as a part of a poverty alleviation strategy to provide connectivity to unconnected Habitations. Govt. of India is trying to set high and uniform technical and management standards for facilitating development and planning at State level to ensure sustainable management of the rural roads network.
As per the latest by the Governments of States under a survey to identify Core Network as part of the PMGSY programme, it has been estimated that 1.67 lakh Unconnected Habitations are eligible for coverage under the programme. This involves construction of about 3.71 lakh kms. Of New Connectivity roads and 3.68 lakh km. eligible for upgradation.It is important to note the following acheivements of State under PMGSY in the FY 2017-18.
  1. Odisha, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh awarded for constructing highest road length in plain areas.
  2. Uttarakhand, Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh awarded for constructing highest road length in North-Eastern & Himalayan States. 
  3. Meghalaya, Tripura and Himachal Pradesh awarded for best overall performance in terms of quality of roads inspected by NQMs in North-Eastern & Himalayan States.
  4. Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh awarded for best overall performance in terms of quality of roads inspected by NQMs in plain areas.
  5. Assam, Meghalaya and Himachal Pradesh awarded for Maximum length constructed using Green Technology in North-Eastern & Himalayan States. 
  6. Madhya Pradesh, Odisha and Rajasthan awarded for Maximum length constructed with Green Technology in plain areas. 
  7. Assam, Uttarakhand and Jammu & Kashmir awarded for connecting maximum habitations in North-Eastern & Himalayan States. 
  8. Bihar, Odisha, and Jharkhand awarded for connecting maximum habitations in plain areas.

17. Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)

  • Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), enacted in 2005 is the largest work guarantee programme in the world which was launched with the primary objective of guaranteeing 100 days of employment every year to rural households. Also, it aims at ensuring sustainable development to address causes of chronic poverty through the ‘works’ (projects). The scheme also focuses on strengthening the process of decentralisation by giving a significant role to Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) in planning and implementation these works. However, MGNREGA has reached a major milestone by geotagging one crore assets created under it. The scale of assets created under MGNREGA is estimated to be about 2.82 crore since the financial year 2006-07. In January 2017, Kangra district of Himachal Pradesh became the first district in the country to geotag all the assets created under MGNREGA. Geotagging is the process of adding geographical information to various media in the form of metadata usually consists of coordinates like latitude and longitude.

18. DeenDayal Antiyodaya Yojana- National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM)

DAY-NRLM is a poverty alleviation programme to promote self-employment and organization of rural poor. It was implemented by the Union Ministry of Rural Development with the objective of organizing the rural poor into SHGs and make them capable for self-employment. However, it has a special focus on women empowerment. NRLM set out with an agenda to cover 7 Crore rural households, spread across 600 districts, 6000 blocks, 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats and 6 lakh villages in the country through self-managed Self Help Groups (SHGs) in a period of 8-10 years.

The Mahila Kisan Sashakthikaran Pariyojana (MKSP) 

  • The Mahila Kisan Sashakthikaran Pariyojana (MKSP) was launched by the Government of India to improve the status of women in agriculture and bridge the gender gap that still exists in the agricultural based indian economy. It was launched in 2010-2011, through the initiation of Aajeevika – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) in order to create sustainable livelihood institutions around agriculture and allied activities. In August 2011, GREEN Foundation became an implementation agency of MKSP, working in the state of Karnataka with 3000 women farmers from Chitradurga district and 2000 from Ramanagara district.

Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana

  • Aajeevika Grameen Express Yojana, launched by the Government of India as part of the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) with the objective of providing safe and affordable rural transport services to connect remote villages with key services and amenities such as access to markets, education and health for the overall economic development of backward rural areas. This has also provided an additional avenue of livelihood for SHGs. It was implemented across the country in all States and Union Territories except Chandigarh and Delhi by Union Ministry of Rural Development. It is important to note that AGAY is one of the world’s largest initiatives The scheme will be implemented in 250 blocks in the country on a pilot basis for a time duration of 3 years ranging from 2017-18 to 2019-20.

19. Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY)

  • The Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) was launched by The Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) on Antyodaya Diwas i.e. 25th September 2014. DDU-GKY is a part of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), thst aims at adding diversity to the incomes of rural poor families and cater to the career aspirations of rural youth. In fact, DDU-GKY uniquely focuses on rural youth between the age group of 15 to 35 years coming from poor families. As a part of the Skill India campaign, it has played an important role in the social and economic programs of the government like Make In India, Digital India, Smart Cities and Start-Up India, Stand-Up India campaigns. Also, over 180 million or 69% of the country’s youth population between the age group of 18 to 34 years, live in rural areas. Of these, 55 million are found with marginal or no employment. 
  • The National Policy for Skill Development & Entrepreneurship has identified a skills gap of 109.73 million in 24 key sectors by the year 2022. DDU-GKY is currently implemented in 21 States and UTs, across 568 districts, impacting youth from over 6,215 blocks covering over 690 projects with over 300 partners, in more than 330 trades from 82 industry sectors. Over 2.7 Lakh candidates have been trained and over 1.34 Lakh candidates have been placed in jobs so in the course of the last financial year. From 2012, DDU-GKY has so far committed an investment of more than INR 5,600 Crores, impacting rural youth pan-India. 

20. Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs)

  • Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETIs) were set up with the objective of providing necessary skill training and skill up gradation to the rural BPL youth in order to mitigate the unemployment problems. RSETIs are managed by various commercial banks with active co-operation from the Government of India and State Government. They are based on the concept RUDSETI (Rural Development and Self Employment Training Institute), a society established jointly by three agencies i.e. Syndicate Bank, Canara Bank and Sri Manjunatheswara Trust in Karnataka. Under this program, one RSETI is established in every district of the country where concerned bank is the lead bank take responsibility for creating and managing it. For this, government of India provides one - time grant assistance of upto a maximum limit of Rs. 1 crore for meeting the expenditure on construction of building and other infrastructural developments. After successful completion of the training, aspirants are provided with credit linkage assistance by the banks to start their own entrepreneurial ventures.The common minimum infrastructure of each RSETI comprises of 2-3 classrooms with toilet facilities, separate for women and physically challenged. Two workshops, two dormitories with bath facilities. Also, each RSETI offers 30 to 40 skill development programmes of short duration ranging from 1 to 6 weeks.

21. The National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)

The National Social Assistance Programme(NSAP), came into effect in August,1995 plays a significant role in the fulfillment of the Directive Principles as mentioned in the Article 41 of the Constitution.

NSAP encompasses the following schemes:-
  1. Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS)
  2. Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS)
  3. Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS)
  4. National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS)
  5. Annapurna Scheme. 

22. The National Rurban Mission (NRuM)

  • The National Rurban Mission (NRuM) focuses on creating a a cluster of "Rurban Villages" which signifies the rural development with equity and inclusiveness without compromising with the facilities perceived to be essentially urban in nature. The main objective of the National Rurban Mission (NRuM) is to ensure economic development, enhance basic services, and create well planned Rurban clusters. Also, it aims at Bridging the rural urban divide created on the basis of economic, technological and other related facilities and services. The mission outlines 14 desirable components which are linked to developing skills and local entrepreneurship, economic activities and providing necessary infrastructural facilities.

23. Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY)

  • The Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) aims to transform lives of those rural poor for whom economic development never happened and also to bring about a sense of pride, volunteerism, and self-reliance for villagers. Under this scheme, 478 and 218 Members of Parliament have identified Gram Panchayats, under Phase-II and Phase-III respectively and has developed a 35 point outcome indicator to cover the basic amenities, education, health, sanitation, livelihood, women empowerment, financial inclusion, food security, social security and e-governance to gauge the impact of SAGY in the Gram Panchayats. However, it is important to note that under this scheme, MPs will be responsible for developing the socio-economic and physical infrastructure of three villages each by 2019.

24. Mission Antyodaya

  • Mission Antyodaya is a convergence framework that transform lives and livelihoods of rural people. In India, about 8.88 crore households are found to be deprived and poor households as per Socio Economic Caste Census (SECC) of 2011 as measured from the perspective of multi-dimensional deprivations which includes shelterless, landless rural households headed by single women, SC/ST household or disabled member in the family. Thus, for this context, ‘Mission Antyodaya’ was launched by the government in accordance with Gram Panchayats as the basic unit for planning to ensure sustainable livelihoods. It is a State initiative for rural transformation to make a real difference based on measurable outcomes in 1,000 days. Also, Out of 5,000 rural clusters comprising of nearly 50,000 Gram Panchayats have been selected by the States purposively for implementing the 'Mission Antyodaya' Framework.

25. Gram Samridhi Evam Swachhta Pakhwada

  • The Central Government had conducted the ‘Gram Samridhi Evam Swachhta’ campaign from October 1 to October 15, 2018 in partnership with state governments, to give a boost to development activities in rural areas. The campaign focuses on educating villagers about hygiene and cleanliness through self-help groups, anganwadi centres and schools, and conducting training programmes.

26. Improving Accountability framework for Rural Development Programmes

  • The Department of Rural Development has developed a very strong and robust accountability frame work for all its programmes. Over time, efforts have been made to develop citizen centric apps like Gram Samvad, Meri Sadak, Awaas App etc. to improve the accountability to the people. In April 2017, the DAY-NRLM has launched a transaction-based MIS to capture SHG member level transactions. The system has already been rolled out in 1400 Blocks across 25 States. To assess the progress of programmes in States, the Department has introduced a system of Common Review Mission (CRM). Also, Eight states are visited by total 32 independent professionals as part of the CRM each year.

27. Use of Information and Communication Technology in Rural Development Programmes

  • Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has contributed a lot in socio-economic development of rural area, especially in sectors of rural education, agriculture, health care facility, disaster and emergency response and E-governance facility. Thus, ICT has become an examined key for the development of geographically scattered rural people in developed nation and that is why it is getting popular day by day in developing nations. But, the primary cost for establishing and setting up of ICT infrastructure may be a barrier for developing nation, however its enormous usefulness for the rural people cannot be denied. Though education, agriculture, healthcare etc.

28. Common review mission and National Level Monitoring Institutions

  • The National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was launched in April 2005 in order to provide accessible, affordable and accountable quality health services to the poorest households in the remotest rural regions of the country. Under the NRHM, areas with unsatisfactory health indicators were classified as special focus States to ensure greatest attention but the main focus of the mission is to ensure simultaneous action on a wide range of determinants of health like water, sanitation, education, nutrition, social and gender equality. Also, Annual Common Review Mission has been one of the important monitoring mechanisms under NRHM. According to 11th report of Common Review Mission of National Health Mission (NHM), women bear uneven burden in family planning as they account for more than 93% sterlisation in the country. This is marginal improvement as compared to earlier years when women accounted for 98% of all sterilisation in the country. Furthur more, as per the Report, India has registered a record 22% reduction in Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) since 2013, which is the highest percentage decline so far when compared to all the previous reductions in MMR.

29. Prime Minister Rural Development Fellows Scheme

  • The Prime Minister's Rural Development Fellowship (PMRDF) is an initiative of the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) Government of India (GoI), implemented in collaboration with State Governments. The focus of the programme is on reduction of poverty and improving the lives of people in rural India. The PMRDF programme was formally launched in September 2011 with the objectives of:
    • providing short-term catalytic support to the district administration in IAP districts to improve programme delivery.
    • developing a cadre of committed and competent development leaders and facilitators, who are available as a resource for rural development over the long term.
    • engaging with many stakeholders such as the government, public sector institutions, and civil society actors in promoting the efficiency of social protection programmes.

30. Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana

  • The government of India has launched Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana to provide profitable employment and food to the rural poor. Under this scheme, Government provides wages and food grain to those who live below the poverty line. In this article, we will look Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana in detail.
  • The Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana (SGRY) objectives are described in detail below.
    • To provide additional and supplementary wage employment in the rural area.
    • To provide food security and improve nutritional levels in all rural areas of our country.
    • Creation of durable community, social & economic assets and infrastructural development in rural areas is a secondary objective of SGSY.
    • For example in Kerala Yellow card is given for AAY family and in Telangana Pink ration card is used by AAY families.

31. Heritage Development and Augmentation Yojana

  • Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) was launched on 21 January 2015 with the aim of bringing together urban planning, economic growth and heritage conservation in an inclusive manner to preserve the heritage character of each Heritage City.
  • The Scheme shall support development of core heritage infrastructure projects including revitalization of linked urban infrastructure for heritage assets such as monuments, Ghats, temples etc. along with reviving certain intangible assets. These initiatives shall include development of sanitation facilities, roads, public transportation & parking, citizen services, information kiosks etc.
  • The objectives of the scheme are:
    • Planning, development and implementation of heritage-sensitive infrastructure
    • Service Delivery and infrastructure provisioning in the core areas of the historic city
    • Preserve and revitalise heritage wherein tourists can connect directly with city’s unique character
    • Develop and document a heritage asset inventory of cities – natural, cultural, living and built heritage as a basis for urban planning, growth, service provision and delivery
    • Implementation and enhancement of basic services delivery with focus on sanitation services like public conveniences, toilets, water taps, street lights, with use of latest technologies in improving tourist facilities/amenities.
    • Local capacity enhancement for inclusive heritage-based industry.

32. Swachchh Bharat Mission

  • Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) or Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) is a nation-wide campaign in India for the period 2013 to 2019 that aims to clean up the streets, roads and infrastructure of India's cities, towns, and rural areas. The campaign's official name is in Hindi and translates to "Clean India Mission" in English.
  • To bring about an improvement in the general quality of life in the rural areas, by promoting cleanliness, hygiene and eliminating open defecation. To accelerate sanitation coverage in rural areas to achieve the vision of Swachh Bharat by 2nd October 2019.
  • The mission aims to cover 1.04 crore households, provide 2.5 lakh community toilets, 2.6 lakh public toilets, and a solid waste management facility in each town. Under the programme, community toilets will be built in residential areas where it is difficult to construct individual household toilets. Public toilets will also be constructed in designated locations such as tourist places, markets, bus stations, railway stations, etc. The programme will be implemented over a five-year period in 4,401 towns.
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