CLAT: Syllabus, Previous Papers and Notes


What is CLAT?

CLAT stands for COMMON LAW ADMISSION TEST 18 National Law Universities (NLU's) of India admit students into their law programs (both uundergraduate& post-graduate) through the CLAT.

  • The Under-Graduate Programme offered is the "Five Year Integrated LL.B. (Hons.)"
  • The Post-Graduate Programme offered is the "One Year LL.M."

Names of the participatory universities

  1. National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bengaluru
  2. National Academy of Legal Study and Research (NALSAR) University of Law, Hyderabad
  3. National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal
  4. West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (NUJS), Kolkata
  5. National Law University (NLU), Jodhpur
  6. Hidayatullah National Law University (HNLU), Raipur
  7. Gujarat National Law University (GNLU), Gandhinagar
  8. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University (RMLNLU), Lucknow
  9. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law (RGNUL), Punjab
  10. Chanakya National Law University (CNLU), Patna
  11. National University of Advanced Legal Studies (NUALS), Kochi
  12. National Law University Odisha (NLUO), Cuttack
  13. National University of Study and Research in Law (NUSRL), Ranchi
  14. National Law University and Judicial Academy (NLUJA), Assam
  15. Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University (DSNLU), Visakhapatnam
  16. Tamil Nadu National Law School (TNNLS), Tiruchirappalli
  17. Maharashtra National Law University (MNLU), Mumbai
  18. Maharashtra National Law University (MNLU), Nagpur

Eligibility Criteria


For Undergraduate Programme
  • Candidates shall be below Twenty (20) Years of age in case of all Unreserved/NRIs/NRI Sponsored categories candidates.
  • Candidates shall be below Twenty Two (22) years of age in case of SC/ST/ OBC/Specially Abled Persons (SAP) category candidates.
For Post Graduate Programme

No Age Limit

Educational Qualification

For Undergraduate Programme
  • Forty-five percent (45%) marks in 10+2 in the case of candidates belonging to Unreserved/OBC/Specially Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories.
  • Forty Percent (40%) marks in 10+2 in the case of candidates belonging to SC/ST categories.
For Post Graduate Programmes
  • LL.B. or equivalent degree examination with a minimum of Fifty-Five percent (55%) marks in case of Unreserved/OBC/SAP categories and Fifty percent (50%) in the case of SC/ST categories. 
  • Candidates who appear in the qualifying examinations in April/May are also allowed to apply.

Exam Pattern

Total Marks: 200 
Number of Questions: 200
Duration: 2 hours
Marking: There is a provision of negative marking and for every incorrect answer 1/4th marks will be deducted.
English (including comprehension)
40 marks
Elementary Mathematics
20 marks
General Knowledge/Current Affairs
50 marks
Logical Reasoning
40 marks
Legal Reasoning
50 marks



GK & Current Affairs

Elementary Mathematics


Legal Aptitude

  • Indian Penal Code
  • Law of Torts
  • Law of Contract
  • Fundamental rights (Important Fundamental rights, Important Amendments, Important Judgements Directive Principles)
  • Recommendations & Chairpersons of law commissions
  • Constitution of India: Historical Background
  • Features of the Indian Constitution
  • Preamble of Indian Constitution
  • Citizenship Law
  • Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Emergency and Special Provisions of the Indian Constitution
  • Constitutional and Non-Constitutional Bodies of India
  • Indian Parliament: Roles, Functions & Powers
  • President and Vice-President of India
  • Prime Minister/President: Roles, Functions & Powers
  • Supreme Court of India: Roles, Functions & Powers
  • Distribution of Power between Centre and State
  • Indian Federalism and Centre-State Relations
  • Indian Contract Act
  • Family Law
  • Legal Misc. (Intellectual Property Rights, Labour Laws, etc.)
  • Legal Terminology

Previous Year Question Papers